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Sustainable Use of Groundwater Resources in the Transboundary Aquifers of the Five Central Asian Countries: Challenges and Perspectives

1
Linköping University-Guangzhou University Research Center on Urban Sustainable Development, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
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Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 11A, Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China
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University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050061, China
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Department of Biology and Soil Science, National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent 100170, Uzbekistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(8), 2101; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082101
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 15 July 2020 / Accepted: 22 July 2020 / Published: 24 July 2020
Groundwater is critical for supporting socioeconomic development but has experienced gradual decreases in recent decades due to rapid population growth and economic development throughout the world. In recent years, the utilization of transboundary groundwater resources has received extensive attention globally. Because transboundary aquifers do not follow borders and are concealed, neighboring countries are prone to experiencing conflicts over the use of these transboundary groundwater resources. Therefore, an accurate and comprehensive assessment of the development potential of groundwater resources in these transboundary aquifers is necessary for the rational and fair use of those groundwater resources. Transboundary groundwater resources are an important water source for life, production, and ecological water use in Central Asia, which has a distinctive continental arid and semi-arid climate, and surface water resources in this region are relatively scarce. Considering the existing problems related to the utilization of groundwater resources in the transboundary aquifers in this region, we propose developing strategies for on-demand water abstraction, enhancing the ecological protection of transboundary aquifers, and strengthening international cooperation. This paper summarizes the distribution of 34 transboundary aquifers in Central Asia and analyzes the status and potential of groundwater resource uses in these transboundary aquifers. View Full-Text
Keywords: Central Asia; groundwater resources; transboundary aquifers; sustainable development Central Asia; groundwater resources; transboundary aquifers; sustainable development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Wang, P.; Ruan, H.; Wang, T.; Yu, J.; Cheng, Y.; Kulmatov, R. Sustainable Use of Groundwater Resources in the Transboundary Aquifers of the Five Central Asian Countries: Challenges and Perspectives. Water 2020, 12, 2101. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082101

AMA Style

Liu Y, Wang P, Ruan H, Wang T, Yu J, Cheng Y, Kulmatov R. Sustainable Use of Groundwater Resources in the Transboundary Aquifers of the Five Central Asian Countries: Challenges and Perspectives. Water. 2020; 12(8):2101. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082101

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Yu, Ping Wang, Hongwei Ruan, Tianye Wang, Jingjie Yu, Yanpei Cheng, and Rashid Kulmatov. 2020. "Sustainable Use of Groundwater Resources in the Transboundary Aquifers of the Five Central Asian Countries: Challenges and Perspectives" Water 12, no. 8: 2101. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082101

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