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Article

Assessing the Impact of Chemical Loads from Agriculture Holdings on the Puck Bay Environment with the High-Resolution Ecosystem Model of the Puck Bay, Southern Baltic Sea

Physical Oceanography Department, Ecohydrodynamics Laboratory, Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences, Powstańców Warszawy 55, 81-712 Sopot, Poland
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Water 2020, 12(7), 2068; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072068
Received: 14 June 2020 / Revised: 15 July 2020 / Accepted: 20 July 2020 / Published: 21 July 2020
This paper describes the ecohydrodynamic predictive model EcoPuckBay—the ecosystem part—for assessing the state of the Puck Bay coastal environment and its ecosystem. We coupled the EcoPuckBay model with the land water flow models (Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) for surface water and Modflow for groundwater). To evaluate the quality of the results obtained from the EcoPuckBay model, a set of basic statistical measures for dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll-a, nitrates, and phosphates were calculated, such as mean, Pearson correlation coefficient (r), root-mean-square-error (RMSE), and standard deviation (STD). The analysis presented in this paper shows that the EcoPuckBay model produces reliable results. In addition, we developed a nutrient spread module to show the impact of agricultural activity on the waters of the Puck Bay. The EcoPuckBay model is also available in operational mode where users can access 60-h forecasts via the website of the WaterPUCK Project through the “Products” tab. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D ecosystem model; nutrients; pesticides; Puck Bay; WaterPUCK 3D ecosystem model; nutrients; pesticides; Puck Bay; WaterPUCK
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dybowski, D.; Janecki, M.; Nowicki, A.; Dzierzbicka-Glowacka, L.A. Assessing the Impact of Chemical Loads from Agriculture Holdings on the Puck Bay Environment with the High-Resolution Ecosystem Model of the Puck Bay, Southern Baltic Sea. Water 2020, 12, 2068. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072068

AMA Style

Dybowski D, Janecki M, Nowicki A, Dzierzbicka-Glowacka LA. Assessing the Impact of Chemical Loads from Agriculture Holdings on the Puck Bay Environment with the High-Resolution Ecosystem Model of the Puck Bay, Southern Baltic Sea. Water. 2020; 12(7):2068. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dybowski, Dawid; Janecki, Maciej; Nowicki, Artur; Dzierzbicka-Glowacka, Lidia A. 2020. "Assessing the Impact of Chemical Loads from Agriculture Holdings on the Puck Bay Environment with the High-Resolution Ecosystem Model of the Puck Bay, Southern Baltic Sea" Water 12, no. 7: 2068. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12072068

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