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Article

Using Chlorophyll a Fluorescence Imaging to Select Desiccation-Tolerant Native Moss Species for Water-Sustainable Green Roofs

1
cE3c, Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Campo Grande, Edifício C2, Piso 5, 1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
2
MARE–Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Campo Grande, Edifício C2, Piso 5, 1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
3
Department of Biosystems Engineering, Institute of Agronomy, University of Lisbon, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisbon, Portugal
4
Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food (LEAF), Institute of Agronomy, University of Lisbon, Tapada de Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisbon, Portugal
5
BioISI, Biosystems and Integrative Sciences Institute and Plant Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon, Campo Grande, Edifício C2, Piso 4, 1749-016 Lisbon, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(6), 1748; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061748
Received: 1 May 2020 / Revised: 5 June 2020 / Accepted: 17 June 2020 / Published: 19 June 2020
Green roofs have been more thoroughly investigated in the last few years due to the potential benefits they offer to ecosystems in urban areas (e.g., carbon sequestration, particle retention, heat island effect attenuation). However, current climate change models predict an increase in desertification, with an increase in temperature and decrease in rainfall, which means there is an increasing demand for green roofs with lower water consumption. Vegetation with very little water requirements, such as desiccation-tolerant mosses, has shown a potential to complement or substitute for vascular species, increasing the sustainability of lower water use in green roofs. In this study, we use chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging to screen for bryophytes with adequate physiology to be used in green roofs placed in at-risk areas with prolonged drought episodes. Apart from Hypnum cupressiforme, all selected species presented a high potential for use in those conditions, particularly Didymodon fallax, Grimmia lisae, Pleurochaete squarrosa, and Targionia hypophylla. Chlorophyll a fluorescence imaging technology proved to be a simple and non-invasive tool for a fast screening of these poikilohydric organisms, to be used in future studies of bryophyte biology, but more importantly in the green roof industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: green roofs; mosses; chlorophyll a fluorescence; water use; sustainability; Mediterranean; biological soil crusts green roofs; mosses; chlorophyll a fluorescence; water use; sustainability; Mediterranean; biological soil crusts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cruz de Carvalho, R.; Afonso do Paço, T.; Branquinho, C.; Marques da Silva, J. Using Chlorophyll a Fluorescence Imaging to Select Desiccation-Tolerant Native Moss Species for Water-Sustainable Green Roofs. Water 2020, 12, 1748. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061748

AMA Style

Cruz de Carvalho R, Afonso do Paço T, Branquinho C, Marques da Silva J. Using Chlorophyll a Fluorescence Imaging to Select Desiccation-Tolerant Native Moss Species for Water-Sustainable Green Roofs. Water. 2020; 12(6):1748. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061748

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cruz de Carvalho, Ricardo; Afonso do Paço, Teresa; Branquinho, Cristina; Marques da Silva, Jorge. 2020. "Using Chlorophyll a Fluorescence Imaging to Select Desiccation-Tolerant Native Moss Species for Water-Sustainable Green Roofs" Water 12, no. 6: 1748. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12061748

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