Next Article in Journal
Experimental Analysis of Velocity Distribution in a Coarse-Grained Debris Flow: A Modified Bagnold’s Equation
Next Article in Special Issue
The First Video Witness of Coastal Boulder Displacements Recorded during the Impact of Medicane “Zorbas” on Southeastern Sicily
Previous Article in Journal
Accurate Evaluation of Sea Surface Temperature Cooling Induced by Typhoons Based on Satellite Remote Sensing Observations
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Costs of Sea-Level Rise: Coastal Adaptation Investments vs. Inaction in Iberian Coastal Cities
Open AccessArticle

Sea-Level Rise and Shoreline Changes Along an Open Sandy Coast: Case Study of Gulf of Taranto, Italy

1
Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali, Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, 70121 Bari, Italy
2
Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD, Coll de France, CEREGE, 13545 Aix en Provence, France
3
Studio Geologi Associati TST, 95045 Misterbianco Catania, Italy
4
Environmental Surveys s.r.l. Spin Off c/o Università degli Studi di Bari, 74121 Taranto, Italy
5
Radboud Radio Lab, Department of Astrophysics/IMAPP, Radboud University, 6500GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
6
Lesia Observatoire de Paris, PSL Research University, Université de Paris, 92195 Meudon, France
7
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, 00143 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(5), 1414; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051414
Received: 5 April 2020 / Revised: 11 May 2020 / Accepted: 13 May 2020 / Published: 15 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Relative Sea-Level Changes and their Impact on Coastal Zones)
The dynamics of the sandy coast between Castellaneta and Taranto (Southern Italy) has been influenced by many natural and anthropogenic factors, resulting in significant changes in the coastal system over the last century. The interactions between vertical components of sea-level changes and horizontal components of the sedimentary budget, in combination with anthropogenic impact, have resulted in different erosion and accretion phases in the past years. Local isostatic, eustatic, and vertical tectonic movements, together with sedimentary budget changes, must be considered in order to predict the shoreline evolution and future marine submersion. In this study, all morpho-topographic data available for the Gulf of Taranto, in combination with Vertical Land Movements and sea-level rise trends, were considered by assessing the local evolution of the coastal trend as well as the future marine submersion. Based on the predicted spatial and temporal coastal changes, a new predictive model of submersion was developed to support coastal management in sea-level rise conditions over the next decades. After that, a multi-temporal mathematical model of coastal submersion was implemented in a Matlab environment. Finally, the effects of the relative sea-level rise on the coastal surface prone to submersion, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Assessment Reports (AR) 5 Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP) 2.6 and RCP 8.5 scenarios, were evaluated up to 2100. View Full-Text
Keywords: sea-level rise; coastal dynamics; erosion; accretion; submersion sea-level rise; coastal dynamics; erosion; accretion; submersion
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Scardino, G.; Sabatier, F.; Scicchitano, G.; Piscitelli, A.; Milella, M.; Vecchio, A.; Anzidei, M.; Mastronuzzi, G. Sea-Level Rise and Shoreline Changes Along an Open Sandy Coast: Case Study of Gulf of Taranto, Italy. Water 2020, 12, 1414.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop