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Open AccessArticle

A Three-Dimensional Numerical Study of Wave Induced Currents in the Cetraro Harbour Coastal Area (Italy)

Department of Civil, Constructional and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, 001841 Rome, Italy
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Water 2020, 12(4), 935; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12040935 (registering DOI)
Received: 4 March 2020 / Revised: 21 March 2020 / Accepted: 24 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Numerical Modelling of Wave Fields and Currents in Coastal Area)
In this paper we propose a three-dimensional numerical study of the coastal currents produced by the wave motion in the area opposite the Cetraro harbour (Italy), during the most significant wave event for the coastal sediment transport. The aim of the present study is the characterization of the current patterns responsible for the siltation that affects the harbour entrance area and the assessment of a project solution designed to limit this phenomenon. The numerical simulations are carried out by a three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model that is based on the Navier–Stokes equations expressed in integral and contravariant form on a time-dependent curvilinear coordinate system, in which the vertical coordinate moves in order to follow the free surface variations. The numerical simulations are carried out in two different geometric configurations: a present configuration, that reproduces the geometry of the coastal defence structures currently present in the harbour area and a project configuration, which reproduces the presence of a breakwater designed to modify the coastal currents in the area opposite the harbour entrance.
Keywords: three-dimensional model; Navier–Stokes equations; integral contravariant formulation; time-dependent curvilinear coordinates; wave induced currents; real scale coastal area three-dimensional model; Navier–Stokes equations; integral contravariant formulation; time-dependent curvilinear coordinates; wave induced currents; real scale coastal area
MDPI and ACS Style

Cannata, G.; Palleschi, F.; Iele, B.; Cioffi, F. A Three-Dimensional Numerical Study of Wave Induced Currents in the Cetraro Harbour Coastal Area (Italy). Water 2020, 12, 935.

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