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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Heavy Metals in a High Arctic Fiord and Their Introduction with the Wastewater: A Case Study of Adventfjorden-Longyearbyen System, Svalbard

1
Department of Water and Wastewater Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, 11/12 Narutowicza St., 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland
2
Department of Hydrology and Climatology, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Krasnicka 2d Ave, 20-718 Lublin, Poland
3
Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin, Kraśnicka 2d Ave., Lublin 20-718, Poland
4
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology, 11/12 Narutowicza St., 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland
5
Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gdansk University of Technology, 11/12 Narutowicza St., 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland
6
Department of Arctic Geology, University Centre in Svalbard, P.O. Box 156 N-9171 Longyearbyen, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(3), 794; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030794
Received: 5 February 2020 / Revised: 1 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 12 March 2020
Longyearbyen is the largest settlement on Svalbard archipelago, with 2400 permanent residents and approximately 150,000 tourists visiting every year. The city annually releases approximately 285,000 m3 of untreated wastewater to the nearby Adventfjorden. To date, the environmental impact of this continuous input has been studied mainly regarding the sediments and benthic fauna in the fiord. Here, we present results from a study of raw wastewater entering Adventfjorden as well as heavy metals concentrations in the water column within the fjord itself. Two surveys were carried out in summer and autumn season 2018, to establish physical and chemical properties of water at various locations. Trace elements (V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Hg, As, Cd, Pb, U), total suspended solids (TSS) and total organic carbon (TOC) were measured. Our results show that Longyearbyen’s raw wastewater introduces low concentrations of heavy metals to the fiord, but due to the growing number of inhabitants and tourists, it should be monitored to avoid degradation of Adventfjorden ecosystem View Full-Text
Keywords: High Arctic marine environment; wastewater discharge; heavy metals; ICP-MS; water pollution in the Arctic High Arctic marine environment; wastewater discharge; heavy metals; ICP-MS; water pollution in the Arctic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kalinowska, A.; Szopińska, M.; Chmiel, S.; Kończak, M.; Polkowska, Ż.; Artichowicz, W.; Jankowska, K.; Nowak, A.; Łuczkiewicz, A. Heavy Metals in a High Arctic Fiord and Their Introduction with the Wastewater: A Case Study of Adventfjorden-Longyearbyen System, Svalbard. Water 2020, 12, 794. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030794

AMA Style

Kalinowska A, Szopińska M, Chmiel S, Kończak M, Polkowska Ż, Artichowicz W, Jankowska K, Nowak A, Łuczkiewicz A. Heavy Metals in a High Arctic Fiord and Their Introduction with the Wastewater: A Case Study of Adventfjorden-Longyearbyen System, Svalbard. Water. 2020; 12(3):794. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030794

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kalinowska, Agnieszka; Szopińska, Małgorzata; Chmiel, Stanisław; Kończak, Magdalena; Polkowska, Żaneta; Artichowicz, Wojciech; Jankowska, Katarzyna; Nowak, Aga; Łuczkiewicz, Aneta. 2020. "Heavy Metals in a High Arctic Fiord and Their Introduction with the Wastewater: A Case Study of Adventfjorden-Longyearbyen System, Svalbard" Water 12, no. 3: 794. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030794

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