Next Article in Journal
Glacial Lake Changes and Identification of Potentially Dangerous Glacial Lakes in the Yi’ong Zangbo River Basin
Next Article in Special Issue
The Effect of Soil Tillage Equipment on the Recharge Capacity of Infiltration Ponds
Previous Article in Journal
Pollution of Sedimentary Ponds at an Industrial Plant in Janikowo (Poland)
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Overview of Managed Aquifer Recharge in Mexico and Its Legal Framework
Open AccessArticle

Lessons from 10 Years of Experience with Australia’s Risk-Based Guidelines for Managed Aquifer Recharge

1
CSIRO Land and Water, Waite Laboratories, Waite Rd, Urrbrae, SA 5064, Australia
2
National Centre for Groundwater Research and Training (NCGRT) & College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, SA 5001, Australia
3
School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering, University of Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
4
CSIRO Land and Water, Ecosciences Precinct, Boggo Rd, Dutton Park, Qld 4102, Australia
5
Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia
6
Wallbridge Gilbert Aztec, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
7
Managed Recharge, Perth, WA 6000, Australia
8
Water Corporation, Perth, WA 6000, Australia
9
RDM Hydro Pty Ltd., Tarragindi, Qld 4121, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(2), 537; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12020537
Received: 19 November 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 11 January 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Managed Aquifer Recharge for Water Resilience)
The Australian Managed Aquifer Recharge Guidelines, published in 2009, were the world’s first Managed Aquifer Recharge (MAR) Guidelines based on risk-management principles that also underpin the World Health Organisation’s Water Safety Plans. In 2015, a survey of Australian MAR project proponents, consultants and regulators revealed that in those states advancing MAR, the Guidelines were lauded for giving certainty on approval processes. They were also considered to be pragmatic to use, but there was feedback on onerous data requirements. The rate of uptake of MAR has varied widely among Australian state jurisdictions, for reasons that are not explained by the drivers for and feasibility of MAR. The states where MAR has progressed are those that have adopted the Guidelines into state regulations or policy. It was originally intended that these Guidelines would be revised after five to ten years, informed by experience of any hazards not considered in the guidelines, and by new scientific developments including advances in monitoring and control methods for risk management. As such revision has not yet occurred, this paper was prepared to give a precis of these Guidelines and review ten years of experience in their application and to identify issues and suggest improvements for consideration in their revision by Australian water regulators. This paper also discusses the factors affecting their potential international applicability, including the capabilities required for implementation, and we use India as an example for which an intermediate level water quality guideline for MAR was developed. This paper is intended to be useful information for regulators in other countries considering adopting or developing their own guidelines. Note that the purpose of these Guidelines is to protect human health and the environment. It is not a guide to how to site, design, build and operate a managed aquifer recharge project, for which there are many other sources of information. View Full-Text
Keywords: environment protection; health protection; safety; risk; ecosystems; contaminants; recycling; drinking water; regulation; governance environment protection; health protection; safety; risk; ecosystems; contaminants; recycling; drinking water; regulation; governance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Dillon, P.; Page, D.; Vanderzalm, J.; Toze, S.; Simmons, C.; Hose, G.; Martin, R.; Johnston, K.; Higginson, S.; Morris, R. Lessons from 10 Years of Experience with Australia’s Risk-Based Guidelines for Managed Aquifer Recharge. Water 2020, 12, 537.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop