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Article

The Role of Traditional Knowledge in Coastal Adaptation Priorities: The Pamunkey Indian Reservation

Department of Political Science and Geography, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(12), 3548; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123548
Received: 24 November 2020 / Revised: 10 December 2020 / Accepted: 15 December 2020 / Published: 17 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Hazards Management)
Coastal reservations are increasingly vulnerable to hazards exacerbated by climate change. Resources for restoration projects are limited. Storm surge, storms, tidal flooding, and erosion endanger artifacts and limit livelihoods of tribes in coastal Virginia. GIS offers a platform to increase communication between scientists, planners, and indigenous groups. The Pamunkey Indian Tribe engaged in a participatory mapping exercise to assess the role of traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) in coastal management decision-making and its capacity to address flooding. Priorities and strategies were spatially referenced using maps of potential sea level rise for 2040, 2060, and 2080, input into a resilience matrix to identify benchmarks for each phase of disaster resilience building, and contextualized with oral histories. Results highlight increased immediacy to protect housing and heritage sites along the shoreline as well as maintain access to the Reservation. Preferences toward structural solutions guided by and facilitating TEK options were expressed. Additional community capacities, tribal council support, federal assistance, impact assessments, and coordination would facilitate risk reduction project implementation. The screening process integrates TEK with planning and is transferable to neighboring tribes. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional ecological knowledge; sea level rise; shoreline management; erosion; coastal hazards traditional ecological knowledge; sea level rise; shoreline management; erosion; coastal hazards
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    Description: Coastal Adaptation Priorities Story Map
MDPI and ACS Style

Hutton, N.S.; Allen, T.R. The Role of Traditional Knowledge in Coastal Adaptation Priorities: The Pamunkey Indian Reservation. Water 2020, 12, 3548. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123548

AMA Style

Hutton NS, Allen TR. The Role of Traditional Knowledge in Coastal Adaptation Priorities: The Pamunkey Indian Reservation. Water. 2020; 12(12):3548. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123548

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hutton, Nicole S., and Thomas R. Allen 2020. "The Role of Traditional Knowledge in Coastal Adaptation Priorities: The Pamunkey Indian Reservation" Water 12, no. 12: 3548. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123548

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