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Open AccessArticle

Two-Phase Flow Simulation of Tunnel and Lee-Wake Erosion of Scour below a Submarine Pipeline

Laboratoire des Ecoulements Géophysiques et Industriels (LEGI), Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), University of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble-INP, F-38000 Grenoble, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1727;
Received: 29 July 2019 / Revised: 10 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 19 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Experimental, Numerical and Field Approaches to Scour Research)
This paper presents a numerical investigation of the scour phenomenon around a submarine pipeline. The numerical simulations are performed using SedFoam, a two-phase flow model for sediment transport implemented in the open source Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) toolbox OpenFOAM. The paper focuses on the sensitivity of the granular stress model and the turbulence model with respect to the predictive capability of the two-phase flow model. The quality of the simulation results is estimated using a statistical estimator: the Brier Skill Score. The numerical results show no sensitivity to the granular stress model. However, the results strongly depend on the choice of the turbulence model, especially through the different implementations of the cross-diffusion term in the dissipation equation between the k ε and the k ω 2006 models. The influence of the cross-diffusion term tends to indicate that the sediment transport layer behaves more as a shear layer than as a boundary layer, for which the k ε model is more suitable. View Full-Text
Keywords: two-phase flow; scour; pipeline; numerical modeling; turbulence modeling two-phase flow; scour; pipeline; numerical modeling; turbulence modeling
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Mathieu, A.; Chauchat, J.; Bonamy, C.; Nagel, T. Two-Phase Flow Simulation of Tunnel and Lee-Wake Erosion of Scour below a Submarine Pipeline. Water 2019, 11, 1727.

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