Next Article in Journal
Relationship between Peak Stage, Storm Duration, and Bank Storage along a Meandering Stream
Previous Article in Journal
Red Lentil (Lens culinaris) Extract as a Novel Natural Coagulant for Turbidity Reduction: An Evaluation, Characterization and Performance Optimization Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Quantitative Assessment of the Influences of Three Gorges Dam on the Water Level of Poyang Lake, China
Open AccessArticle

Physical Modeling of Ski-Jump Spillway to Evaluate Dynamic Pressure

1
Department of Agriculture, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran 19395-4697, Iran
2
Kurdistan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Sanandaj 6616949688, Iran
3
Institute of Sustainable Energy, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Selangor 43000, Malaysia
4
Department of Water Resources Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Baghdad, Baghdad 10011, Iraq
5
Faculty of Water Sciences Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz 6135783151, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1687; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081687
Received: 18 June 2019 / Revised: 11 July 2019 / Accepted: 11 July 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Hydraulics Research)
  |  
PDF [3627 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]
  |     |  

Abstract

The effects of changes in the angle of pool impact plate, plunging depth, and discharge upon the dynamic pressure caused by ski-jump buckets were investigated in the laboratory. Four impact plate angles and four plunging depths were used. Discharges of 67, 86, 161, and 184 L/s were chosen. For any discharge, plunging depth and impact plate angle were regulated, and dynamic pressures were measured by a transducer. The results showed that with the increase in the ratio of drop length of the jet to its break-up length (H/Lb), and with an increase in the impact plate angle, the mean dynamic pressure coefficient decreased. An inspection of the plunging depth (Y) ratio to the initial thickness of the jet (Bj) revealed that when Y/Bj > 3, the plunging depth of the downstream pool reduced dynamic pressure. At the angle of 60°, the dynamic pressure coefficient due to increasing in plunging depth varied from 34% to 95%. View Full-Text
Keywords: jet falling; energy dissipation; surface disturbances; pressure fluctuations; water jet; physical modeling jet falling; energy dissipation; surface disturbances; pressure fluctuations; water jet; physical modeling
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Karami Moghadam, M.; Amini, A.; Malek, M.A.; Mohammad, T.; Hoseini, H. Physical Modeling of Ski-Jump Spillway to Evaluate Dynamic Pressure. Water 2019, 11, 1687.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top