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Open AccessArticle

Mortality and Effect on Growth of Artemia franciscana Exposed to Two Common Organic Pollutants

1
Department of Ichthyology and Aquatic Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou str., 38446 Nea Ionia, Volos, Greece
2
Faculty of Science, Liverpool John Moores University, 3 Byrom St, Liverpool L3 3AF, UK
3
Department of Agriculture Crop Production and Rural Environment, University of Thessaly, Fytokou str., 38446 Nea Ionia, Volos, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1614; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081614
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 1 August 2019 / Accepted: 2 August 2019 / Published: 4 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from HydroMediT 2018)
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Abstract

Acute toxicity and inhibition on growth of Artemia franciscana nauplii (Instar I-II) after exposure to the reference toxicants bisphenol a (BPA) and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) were studied. LC50 values were calculated and differences in body growth were recorded after 24, 48, and 72 h of exposure to the toxicants. The results indicated that BPA had lower toxicity than SDS. Development of the nauplii was clearly influenced by duration of exposure. Growth inhibition was detected for both toxicants. Abnormal growth of the central eye of several Artemia nauplii after 72 h of exposure to BPA was also detected. Our results indicate that growth inhibition could be used as a valid endpoint for toxicity studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: acute toxicity; sodium dodecyl sulfate; bisphenol a; bioassays; LC50; probit analysis acute toxicity; sodium dodecyl sulfate; bisphenol a; bioassays; LC50; probit analysis
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Ekonomou, G.; Lolas, A.; Castritsi-Catharios, J.; Neofitou, C.; D. Zouganelis, G.; Tsiropoulos, N.; Exadactylos, A. Mortality and Effect on Growth of Artemia franciscana Exposed to Two Common Organic Pollutants. Water 2019, 11, 1614.

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