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Open AccessArticle

A Preliminary Study on a Pumping Well Capturing Groundwater in an Unconfined Aquifer with Mountain-Front Recharge from Segmental Inflow

by Haixiang Li 1 and Xu-sheng Wang 1,2,*
1
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Groundwater Circulation and Environmental Evolution, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
2
Beijing Key Laboratory of Water Resources & Environmental Engineering, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(6), 1243; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061243
Received: 30 May 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
Unconfined aquifers beneath piedmont pluvial fans are widely distributed in front of mountains and proper for water supply with pumping wells. However, the catchment zone and capture zones of a pumping well in such an unconfined aquifer is not well known. We develop a preliminary simplified model where groundwater flows between a segmental inflow boundary and a discharge boundary of constant head. The catchment zone is delineated from numerical simulation via MODFLOW and MODPATH. Results are expressed with dimensionless variables and lumped parameters to show general behaviors. Sensitive analyses indicate that there are 4 types of the catchment zone according to different connections to the boundaries. The shape of the catchment zone is quantitatively analyzed with typical shape factors. Capture zones with respect to special travel times are identified from travel time distribution in the catchment zone. The modeling results can be applied in the design of water supply wells and delineation of protection zones at a site with similar hydrogeological conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: water table; piedmont pluvial fans; catchment zone; travel time; numerical modeling water table; piedmont pluvial fans; catchment zone; travel time; numerical modeling
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Li, H.; Wang, X.-S. A Preliminary Study on a Pumping Well Capturing Groundwater in an Unconfined Aquifer with Mountain-Front Recharge from Segmental Inflow. Water 2019, 11, 1243.

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