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Open AccessArticle

The Implementation of a Hybrid Model for Hilly Sub-Watershed Prioritization Using Morphometric Variables: Case Study in India

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Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, College of Technology, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar 263145, Uttarakhand, India
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School of Business, Technology and Education, Ilia State University, 0162 Tbilisi, Georgia
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Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, 97187 Lulea, Sweden
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Sustainable Developments in Civil Engineering Research Group, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(6), 1138; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061138
Received: 4 May 2019 / Revised: 23 May 2019 / Accepted: 28 May 2019 / Published: 30 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
Among several components of watershed prioritization, morphometric parameters are considered to be essential elements for appropriate water resource planning and management. In the current study, nine hilly sub-watersheds are prioritized using novel hybrid model based on morphometric variables analysis at Bino Watershed (BW) located in the upper Ramganga basin, India. The proposed model is based on the hybridization of principal component analysis (PCA) with weighted-sum approach (WSA), presenting a single-frame methodology (PCWSA) for sub-watershed prioritization. The prioritization process was conducted based on several morphometric parameters including linear, areal, and shape. The PCA was performed to identify the significant correlated factor-loading matrix whereas WSA was established to provide the weights for the morphometric parameters and fix their priority ranking (PR) to be categorized based on compound factor value. The findings showed that 37.81% of total area is under highly susceptible zone sub-watersheds (SW-6 and SW-7). This is verifying the necessity for appropriate soil and water conservation measures for the area. The proposed hybrid methodology demonstrated a reliable approach for water resource planning and management, agriculture, and irrigation activities in the study region. View Full-Text
Keywords: prioritization; morphometric variables; PCWSA; Bino watershed; Uttarakhand prioritization; morphometric variables; PCWSA; Bino watershed; Uttarakhand
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Malik, A.; Kumar, A.; Kushwaha, D.P.; Kisi, O.; Salih, S.Q.; Al-Ansari, N.; Yaseen, Z.M. The Implementation of a Hybrid Model for Hilly Sub-Watershed Prioritization Using Morphometric Variables: Case Study in India. Water 2019, 11, 1138.

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