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Open AccessArticle

Hydrological Components Variability under the Impact of Climate Change in a Semi-Arid River Basin

1
College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
CECEP Consulting Co., Ltd., Beijing 100082, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(6), 1122; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061122
Received: 1 April 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 24 May 2019 / Published: 29 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology and Hydrogeology)
With increased attention paid to the changes of global climate, the impacts on hydrological processes remain poorly understood in specific basins. In this study, we selected Luanhe River Basin, which is an important source of water supply to Beijing and Hebei, as a case study for the analysis of the combined impact of precipitation and temperature change to hydrological components in a semi-arid river basin. This study investigated the change of the blue water flow (BWF), green water flow (GWF), and green water storage (GWS) by employing the SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) model and stochastic methods in different time scales during 1960 to 2017. The contribution of climate changes to hydrological change were quantified by 16 hypothetical scenarios by recombining climatic data. The results show that the annual daily maximum and minimum temperature (Tmax, Tmin) increased while their differences (DTR) decreased. However, there was no significant trend in annual precipitation and hydrological components. The trend of precipitation has a positive impact to the change of all three hydrological components. Although precipitation contributes more to changes in hydrological components, more attention also needs to be given to the change of DTR, which has positive impact of GWF that contrasts with that of BWF and GWS. Seasonal scale studies of these changes suggested that more attention should be paid to the climate change in spring and winter when the hydrological components were more sensitive to climate change. Our results summarized hydrological components variability under the impact of climate change and demonstrated the importance of analyses at different time scales, which was expected to provide a reference for water resources management in other semi-arid river basins. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrological components; climate change; SWAT model; attribution analysis hydrological components; climate change; SWAT model; attribution analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Xu, Y.; Hao, F.; Li, C.; Wang, X. Hydrological Components Variability under the Impact of Climate Change in a Semi-Arid River Basin. Water 2019, 11, 1122.

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