Next Article in Journal
Variations in Illicit Compound Discharged from Treated Wastewater
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing China’s Use Efficiency of Water Resources from the Resampling Super Data Envelopment Analysis Approach
Previous Article in Special Issue
Water Footprint and Crop Water Usage of Oil Palm (Eleasis guineensis) in Central Kalimantan: Environmental Sustainability Indicators for Different Crop Age and Soil Conditions
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessEditorial

Progress in Water Footprint Assessment: Towards Collective Action in Water Governance

1
Twente Water Centre, University of Twente, 7500AE Enschede, The Netherlands
2
Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore 259770, Singapore
3
Agricultural Economics, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein 9301, South Africa
4
Water Resources Management Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 47, 6700AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 1070; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11051070
Received: 9 April 2019 / Revised: 20 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 23 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Water Footprint Assessment)
  |  
PDF [556 KB, uploaded 23 May 2019]
  |  

Abstract

We introduce ten studies in the field of water footprint assessment (WFA) that are representative of the type of papers currently being published in this broad interdisciplinary field. WFA is the study of freshwater use, scarcity, and pollution in relation to consumption, production, and trade patterns. The reliable availability of sufficient and clean water is critical in sustaining the supply of food, energy, and various manufactured goods. Collective and coordinated action at different levels and along all stages of commodity supply chains is necessary to bring about more sustainable, efficient, and equitable water use. In order to position the papers of this volume, we introduce a spectrum for collective action that can give insight in the various ways different actors can contribute to the reduction of the water footprint of human activities. The papers cover different niches in this large spectrum, focusing on different scales of governance and different stages in the supply chain of products. As for future research, we conclude that more research is needed on how actions at different spatial levels and how the different players along supply chains can create the best synergies to make the water footprint of our production and consumption patterns more sustainable. View Full-Text
Keywords: water footprint assessment; multi-level governance; value chain; consumption; international trade; river basin management; sustainability; water accounting; water productivity; water footprint benchmarks water footprint assessment; multi-level governance; value chain; consumption; international trade; river basin management; sustainability; water accounting; water productivity; water footprint benchmarks
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hoekstra, A.Y.; Chapagain, A.K.; van Oel, P.R. Progress in Water Footprint Assessment: Towards Collective Action in Water Governance. Water 2019, 11, 1070.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top