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Open AccessArticle

Experimental and Numerical Study on Motion and Resistance Characteristics of the Partial Air Cushion Supported Catamaran

1
College of Shipbuilding Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin 150001, China
2
Beijing Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing 100074, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 1033; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11051033
Received: 4 March 2019 / Revised: 17 April 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019

Abstract

The Partial Air Cushion Supported Catamaran (PACSCAT) is an innovative design which combines both the characteristics of hovercraft and catamaran. Further, it provides a high-speed and efficient solution with excellent performance, particularly for shallow water. In this paper, experimental and numerical method are carried out for research of motion attitude and resistance characteristics, which provide a reference for further research and hull optimization work. By model towing test and data interpretation, and the resistance, trim, and heave varying law with increasing speed is summarized. From the view of total resistance, the impacts of the cushion pressure and air flow on resistance performance of PACSCAT are analyzed. Based on the theory of viscous fluid mechanics, a numerical simulation method with high prediction accuracy is established. The flow field around and inside the hull is simulated, the simulating results show good agreements with the testing data. Finally, the effect of the cushion compartment improving the resistance performance is studied. The results show that the cushion compartment is significant for adjusting the pressure distribution of the air cushion. And the average resistance reduction ratio at the high-speed segment can even reach 22%. View Full-Text
Keywords: PACSCAT; experimental and numerical study; cushion compartment; resistance reduction PACSCAT; experimental and numerical study; cushion compartment; resistance reduction
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Lu, S.; Zou, J.; Zhang, Y.; Guo, Z. Experimental and Numerical Study on Motion and Resistance Characteristics of the Partial Air Cushion Supported Catamaran. Water 2019, 11, 1033.

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