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Hydrological Modelling and Water Resources Assessment of Chongwe River Catchment using WEAP Model

Department of Environmental Engineering, The Copperbelt University, Kitwe 50100, Zambia
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Water 2019, 11(4), 839; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040839
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 16 April 2019 / Accepted: 18 April 2019 / Published: 21 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrologic Modelling for Water Resources and River Basin Management)
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Abstract

The Chongwe River Catchment (CRC) is located in Zambia. It receives a mean annual precipitation of 889 mm. The catchment is facing growing anthropogenic and socio-economic activities leading to severe water shortages in recent years, particularly from July to October. The objective of this study was to assess the available water resources by investigating the important hydrological components and estimating the catchment water balance using the Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) model. The average precipitation over a 52 year period and a 34 year period of streamflow measurement data for four stations were used in the hydrological balance model. The results revealed that the catchment received an estimated mean annual precipitation of 4603.12 Mm3. It also released an estimated mean annual runoff and evapotranspiration of 321.94 Mm3 and 4063.69 Mm3, respectively. The estimated mean annual total abstractions in the catchment was 119.87 Mm3. The average annual change in the catchment storage was 120.18 Mm3. The study also determined an external inflow of 22.55 Mm3 from the Kafue River catchment. The simulated mean monthly streamflow at the outlet of the CRC was 10.32 m3/s. The estimated minimum and maximum streamflow volume of the Chongwe River was about 1.01 Mm3 in September and 79.7 Mm3 in February, respectively. The performance of the WEAP model simulation was assessed statistically using the coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.97) and the Nash–Sutcliffe model efficiency coefficient (NSE = 0.64). The R2 and NSE values indicated a satisfactory model fit and result. Meeting the water demand of the growing population and associated socio-economic development activities in the CRC is possible but requires appropriate water resource management options. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrological components; hydrological model; water balance; streamflow; water management; Zambezi River hydrological components; hydrological model; water balance; streamflow; water management; Zambezi River
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Tena, T.M.; Mwaanga, P.; Nguvulu, A. Hydrological Modelling and Water Resources Assessment of Chongwe River Catchment using WEAP Model. Water 2019, 11, 839.

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