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Water 2019, 11(4), 762; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040762

A Model Predictive Water-Level Difference Control Method for Automatic Control of Irrigation Canals

1
College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
3
College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
4
College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 February 2019 / Revised: 7 April 2019 / Accepted: 9 April 2019 / Published: 12 April 2019
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Abstract

In this paper, automatic control of the water level in an irrigation canal by automatic regulation of intermediate gates was studied. Previous scholars have proposed a water level difference control strategy that works to keep relative deviations in all pools the same for a particular situation where the operator does not have full control over the canal inflow, with the centralized linear quadratic regulator (LQR) control method used. While in practice, the deviation tolerance of pools may differ in some canals which limits the applicability of the control strategy. In this work, a weight coefficient was added to the deviation and the algorithm was improved to keep the relative deviations to certain proportions. The model predictive control (MPC) method was then used with this improved control strategy and was compared to the LQR control method using the same control strategy. The results showed that the improved strategy can keep the water level deviations in all pools to certain proportions, as is our objective. Also, under this difference control strategy, the MPC method greatly improved the control performance compared to the LQR control method. View Full-Text
Keywords: water level difference; MPC control; weight coefficient; canal automation water level difference; MPC control; weight coefficient; canal automation
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Kong, L.; Lei, X.; Wang, H.; Long, Y.; Lu, L.; Yang, Q. A Model Predictive Water-Level Difference Control Method for Automatic Control of Irrigation Canals. Water 2019, 11, 762.

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