Designing an Optimized Water Quality Monitoring Network with Reserved Monitoring Locations
AbstractThe optimized design of water quality monitoring networks can not only minimize the pollution detection time and maximize the detection probability for river systems but also reduce redundant monitoring locations. In addition, it can save investments and costs for building and operating monitoring systems as well as satisfy management requirements. This paper aims to use the beneficial features of multi-objective discrete particle swarm optimization (MODPSO) to optimize the design of water quality monitoring networks. Four optimization objectives: minimum pollution detection time, maximum pollution detection probability, maximum centrality of monitoring locations and reservation of particular monitoring locations, are proposed. To guide the convergence process and keep reserved monitoring locations in the Pareto frontier, we use a binary matrix to denote reserved monitoring locations and develop a new particle initialization procedure as well as discrete functions for updating particle’s velocity and position. The storm water management model (SWMM) is used to model a hypothetical river network which was studied in the literature for comparative analysis of our work. We define three pollution detection thresholds and simulate pollution events respectively to obtain all the pollution detection time for all the potential monitoring locations when a pollution event occurs randomly at any potential monitoring locations. Compared to the results of an enumeration search method, we confirm that our algorithm could obtain the Pareto frontier of optimized monitoring network design, and the reserved monitoring locations are included to satisfy the management requirements. This paper makes fundamental advancements of MODPSO and enables it to optimize the design of water quality monitoring networks with reserved monitoring locations.
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Zhu, X.; Yue, Y.; Wong, P.W.; Zhang, Y.; Ding, H. Designing an Optimized Water Quality Monitoring Network with Reserved Monitoring Locations. Water 2019, 11, 713.
Zhu X, Yue Y, Wong PW, Zhang Y, Ding H. Designing an Optimized Water Quality Monitoring Network with Reserved Monitoring Locations. Water. 2019; 11(4):713.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhu, Xiaohui; Yue, Yong; Wong, Prudence W.; Zhang, Yixin; Ding, Hao. 2019. "Designing an Optimized Water Quality Monitoring Network with Reserved Monitoring Locations." Water 11, no. 4: 713.
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