Can Land Cover Changes Mitigate Large Floods? A Reflection Based on Partial Least Squares-Path Modeling
AbstractCommon approaches to large flood management are Natural Water Retention Measures and detention basins. In this study, a Partial Least Squares-Path Model (PLS-PM) was defined to set up a relationship between dam wall heights and biophysical parameters, in critical flood risk zones of continental Portugal. The purpose was to verify if the heights responded to changes in the biophysical variables, and in those cases to forecast landscape changes capable to reduce the heights towards sustainable values (e.g., <8 m). The biophysical parameters comprised a diversity of watershed characteristics, such as land use and geology, surface runoff, climate indicators and the dam heights. The results have shown that terrain slope (w > 0.5), rainfall (w > 0.4) and sedimentary rocks (w > 0.5) are among the most important variables in the model. Changes in these parameters would trigger visible changes in the dam wall height, but they are not easily or rapidly modified by human activity. On the other hand, the parameters forest occupation and runoff coefficient seem to play a less prominent role in the model (w < 0.1), even though they can be significantly modified by human intervention. Consequently, in a scenario of land cover change where forest occupation is increased by 30% and impermeable surfaces are decreased by 30%, interferences in the dam heights were small. These results open a discussion about the feasibility to mitigate large floods using non-structural measures such as reforestation. View Full-Text
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Patrícia Salgado Terêncio, D.; Filipe Sanches Fernandes, L.; Manuel Vitor Cortes, R.; Paulo Moura, J.; António Leal Pacheco, F. Can Land Cover Changes Mitigate Large Floods? A Reflection Based on Partial Least Squares-Path Modeling. Water 2019, 11, 684.
Patrícia Salgado Terêncio D, Filipe Sanches Fernandes L, Manuel Vitor Cortes R, Paulo Moura J, António Leal Pacheco F. Can Land Cover Changes Mitigate Large Floods? A Reflection Based on Partial Least Squares-Path Modeling. Water. 2019; 11(4):684.Chicago/Turabian Style
Patrícia Salgado Terêncio, Daniela; Filipe Sanches Fernandes, Luís; Manuel Vitor Cortes, Rui; Paulo Moura, João; António Leal Pacheco, Fernando. 2019. "Can Land Cover Changes Mitigate Large Floods? A Reflection Based on Partial Least Squares-Path Modeling." Water 11, no. 4: 684.
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