Mathematical Model of Ammonium Nitrogen Transport to Runoff with Different Slope Gradients under Simulated Rainfall
AbstractThe removal of nutrients by overland flow remains a major source of non-point pollution in agricultural land. In this study, a mathematical model of ammonium nitrogen transport from soil solution to overland flow was established. The model treated the mass transfer coefficient (km) as a time-dependent parameter, which was not a constant value as in previous studies, and it was evaluated with a four-slope gradient and three rainfall intensities. The kinematic-wave equation for overland flow was solved by an approximately semi-analytical solution based on Philip’s infiltration model, while the diffusion-based mass conversation equation for overland nutrient transport was solved numerically. The results showed that the simulated runoff processes and ammonium nitrogen concentration transport to the overland flow agreed well with the experimental data. Further correlation analyses were made to determine the relationships between the slope gradient, rainfall intensity and the hydraulic and nutrient transport parameters. It turned out that these parameters could be described as a product of exponential functions of slope gradient and rainfall intensity. Finally, a diffusion-based model with a time-dependent mass transfer coefficient was established to predict the ammonium nitrogen transport processes at the experimental site under different slope gradients and rainfall intensities. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Xing, W.; Yang, P.; Ao, C.; Ren, S.; Xu, Y. Mathematical Model of Ammonium Nitrogen Transport to Runoff with Different Slope Gradients under Simulated Rainfall. Water 2019, 11, 675.
Xing W, Yang P, Ao C, Ren S, Xu Y. Mathematical Model of Ammonium Nitrogen Transport to Runoff with Different Slope Gradients under Simulated Rainfall. Water. 2019; 11(4):675.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xing, Weimin; Yang, Peiling; Ao, Chang; Ren, Shumei; Xu, Yao. 2019. "Mathematical Model of Ammonium Nitrogen Transport to Runoff with Different Slope Gradients under Simulated Rainfall." Water 11, no. 4: 675.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.