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Correction published on 15 August 2019, see Water 2019, 11(8), 1697.

Open AccessArticle

Experimental Observation of Inertial Particles through Idealized Hydroturbine Distributor Geometry

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(3), 471; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030471
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 26 February 2019 / Accepted: 26 February 2019 / Published: 6 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
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Abstract

To increase and maintain existing hydropower capacity within biological performance-based regulations, predictive simulation methods are needed that can reliably estimate the risk to fish passing through flow passage routes at hydropower facilities. One of the central challenges is to validate the software capabilities for simulating the trajectories, including collisions, of inertial particles against laboratory data. In this work, neutrally buoyant spherical- and rod-shaped beads were released upstream of laboratory-scale geometries representative of the distributor of a hydroturbine. The experimental campaign involved a test matrix of 24 configurations with variations in bead geometry, collision target geometry, flow speeds, and release locations. A total of more than 10,000 beads were recorded using high-speed video cameras and analyzed using particle tracking software. Collision rates from 1–7% were observed for the cylinder geometry and rates of 1–23% were observed for the vane array over the range of test configurations. View Full-Text
Keywords: flow-structure interactions; hydraulic models; laboratory studies; velocity measurements; fish passage flow-structure interactions; hydraulic models; laboratory studies; velocity measurements; fish passage
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Harding, S.F.; Richmond, M.C.; Mueller, R.P. Experimental Observation of Inertial Particles through Idealized Hydroturbine Distributor Geometry. Water 2019, 11, 471.

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