Next Article in Journal
31P NMR Investigations on Roundup Degradation by AOP Procedures
Next Article in Special Issue
Towards Circular Water Neighborhoods: Simulation-Based Decision Support for Integrated Decentralized Urban Water Systems
Previous Article in Journal
Evaluating the Effect of Numerical Schemes on Hydrological Simulations: HYMOD as A Case Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
Understanding Fundamental Phenomena Affecting the Water Conservation Technology Adoption of Residential Consumers Using Agent-Based Modeling
Article

Tackling the “New Normal”: A Resilience Assessment Method Applied to Real-World Urban Water Systems

1
Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Iroon Politechniou 5, 157 80 Zografou, Athens, Greece
2
KWR, Water Cycle Research Institute, Groningenhaven 7, 3433 PE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
3
Technische Universiteit Delft, P.O. Box 5, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(2), 330; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020330
Received: 28 November 2018 / Revised: 21 January 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 15 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Centralized versus Decentralized Urban Water Systems)
The water sector is, currently and for the foreseeable future, challenged by rising levels of uncertainty in demand and availability of water, in a context of aging infrastructure and limited investment. In order to support strategic planning, water companies need a way to assess how their system behaves when faced with a range of changing conditions (climatic trends, asset deterioration, behavioral patterns, etc.) as well as accidents/incidents and/or extreme events (wildcards). In this study, a resilience assessment methodology was demonstrated, with ‘stress tests’ alternative water system configurations (including systems designed with decentralized or distributed philosophies) under a range of scenarios and extreme events. A ‘resilience profile graph’ was developed to quantify the performance of each configuration. The methodology was applied to the real-world urban water system of Oasen, which supplies the eastern part of the Province of South Holland, where the current system configuration and two potential future configurations were tested (one decentralized and one distributed). We show how the concept of resilience, operationalized through this methodology, can assist long term decision making and support strategic infrastructure planning. View Full-Text
Keywords: resilience; strategic planning; long term uncertainty; distributed and decentralized urban water systems; the new normal; wildcards resilience; strategic planning; long term uncertainty; distributed and decentralized urban water systems; the new normal; wildcards
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nikolopoulos, D.; van Alphen, H.-J.; Vries, D.; Palmen, L.; Koop, S.; van Thienen, P.; Medema, G.; Makropoulos, C. Tackling the “New Normal”: A Resilience Assessment Method Applied to Real-World Urban Water Systems. Water 2019, 11, 330. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020330

AMA Style

Nikolopoulos D, van Alphen H-J, Vries D, Palmen L, Koop S, van Thienen P, Medema G, Makropoulos C. Tackling the “New Normal”: A Resilience Assessment Method Applied to Real-World Urban Water Systems. Water. 2019; 11(2):330. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020330

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nikolopoulos, Dionysios, Henk-Jan van Alphen, Dirk Vries, Luc Palmen, Stef Koop, Peter van Thienen, Gertjan Medema, and Christos Makropoulos. 2019. "Tackling the “New Normal”: A Resilience Assessment Method Applied to Real-World Urban Water Systems" Water 11, no. 2: 330. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11020330

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop