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Water 2019, 11(2), 221;

Numerical Study on the Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Submarine Pipelines under the Impact of Real-World Tsunami-Like Waves

College of Marine Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
Shenzhen Research Institute, China University of Geosciences, Shenzhen 518057, China
School of Hydraulic Engineering, Changsha University of Science & Technology, Changsha 410114, China
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824, USA
College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2018 / Revised: 21 January 2019 / Accepted: 22 January 2019 / Published: 29 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wave-structure Interaction Processes in Coastal Engineering)


Submarine pipelines have been extensively used for marine oil and gas extraction due to their high efficiency, safety, and low price. However, submarine pipelines are vulnerable to extreme waves (i.e., tsunami waves). Previous research has often used solitary waves as a basis for studying the impacts of tsunami waves on submarine pipelines, although the hydrodynamic characteristics and wave properties drastically differ from those of real-world tsunami waves. This paper numerically investigates the hydrodynamic characteristics of tsunami waves interacting with submarine pipelines, but instead uses an improved wave model to generate a tsunami-like wave that more closely resembles those encountered in the real-world. The tsunami-like wave generated based on a real-world tsunami wave profile recorded during a 2011 tsunami in Japan has been applied. Given the same wave height, simulation results show that peak hydrodynamic forces of the tsunami-like wave are greater than those of the solitary wave. Meanwhile, the duration of the acting force under the tsunami-like wave is much longer than that of the solitary wave. These findings underline the basic reasons for the destructive power of tsunamis. It is also noted that the hydrodynamic forces of the pipeline under the tsunami-like wave increase with wave height, but will decrease as water depth increases. In addition to the single pipeline, the complicated hydrodynamic characteristics of pipelines in tandem arrangement have been also numerically studied. It is believed that the findings drawn from this paper can enhance our understanding of the induced forces on submarine pipelines under extreme tsunami waves. View Full-Text
Keywords: n-wave; tsunami–like wave; solitary wave; submarine pipeline; hydrodynamic forces n-wave; tsunami–like wave; solitary wave; submarine pipeline; hydrodynamic forces

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Zhao, E.; Qu, K.; Mu, L.; Kraatz, S.; Shi, B. Numerical Study on the Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Submarine Pipelines under the Impact of Real-World Tsunami-Like Waves. Water 2019, 11, 221.

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