The oceanic response of the Taiwan Strait (TWS) to Typhoon Nesat (2017) was investigated using a fully coupled atmosphere-ocean-wave model (COAWST) verified by observations. Ocean currents in the TWS changed drastically in response to significant wind variation during the typhoon. The response of ocean currents was characterised by a flow pattern generally consistent with the Ekman boundary layer theory, with north-eastward volume transport being significantly modified by the storm. Model results also reveal that the western TWS experienced the maximum generated storm surge, whereas the east side experienced only moderate storm surge. Heat budget analysis indicated that surface heat flux, vertical diffusion, and total advection all contributed to changes in water temperature in the upper 30 m with advection primarily affecting lower depths during the storm. Momentum balance analysis shows that along-shore volume acceleration was largely determined by a combined effect of surface wind stress and bottom stress. Cross-shore directional terms of pressure gradient and Coriolis acceleration were dominant throughout the model run, indicating that the effect of the storm on geostrophic balance was small. This work provides a detailed analysis of TWS water response to typhoon passage across the strait, which will aid in regional disaster management.
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