Next Article in Journal
Advances in Deriving the Exact Distribution of Maximum Annual Daily Precipitation
Previous Article in Journal
Integrated Modelling for Groundwater Contamination from Polluted Streams Using New Protection Process Techniques
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Spatial Distribution of the Microbial Community in a Contaminated Aquitard below an Industrial Zone
Open AccessArticle

Numerical Investigation of Techno-Economic Multiobjective Optimization of Geothermal Water Reservoir Development: A Case Study of China

1
School of civil and resource engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, 30 Xueyuan Rd, Beijing 100083, China
2
College of Petroleum Engineering, Xi’an Shiyou University, Xi’an 710065, China
3
Sinopec Star Petroleum Co., Ltd., 263 N 4th Ring Road Middle, Beijing 100083, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(11), 2323; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112323
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 2 November 2019 / Accepted: 4 November 2019 / Published: 6 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Flow, Solute and Heat Transfer in Groundwater)
Renewable geothermal utilization is a significant approach for residential heating with two principal modes, direct geothermal district heating systems (DGDHSs) and indirect geothermal district heating systems (IGDHSs). The key principle of geothermal development design is to prevent premature thermal breakthrough, which could result in low efficiency of geothermal heating systems. In this paper, a new approach considering building heating demand, geothermal water resource protection, and optimal economic benefits is presented systematically. The results simulated by OGS software show that well spacing, reinjection temperature, and production rate are the most significant parameters affecting thermal breakthrough in geothermal reservoirs. In addition, production rate and reinjection temperature have a huge effect on the payback period of investment. Comparing IGDHS to DGDHS, the investment in construction of geothermal wells and the annual water consumption decrease by up to 10% and 50%, respectively. Additionally, electricity costs increase by 5% to 30%. The indirect geothermal district heating system with a well spacing of 300 m, a production rate of 100 m3/h, and a reinjection temperature of 301.15 K is much better for this case, both technically and economically. The systematic calculation approach can be reasonably applied to other regions with geothermal energy utilization.
Keywords: geothermal water reservoir; well spacing; direct geothermal district heating system; indirect geothermal district heating system; multiobjective optimization; technical and economic evaluation geothermal water reservoir; well spacing; direct geothermal district heating system; indirect geothermal district heating system; multiobjective optimization; technical and economic evaluation
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Wang, R.; Song, H.; Xie, H.; Fan, H.; Sun, P.; Du, L. Numerical Investigation of Techno-Economic Multiobjective Optimization of Geothermal Water Reservoir Development: A Case Study of China. Water 2019, 11, 2323.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop