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Geomechanical and Acoustic Properties of Intact Granite Subjected to Freeze–Thaw Cycles during Water-Ice Phase Transformation in Beizhan’s Open Pit Mine Slope, Xinjiang, China

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Urban Underground Space Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Civil & Resource Engineering, University of Science & Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection, Chengdu 610059, China
3
Institute of Acoustics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(11), 2309; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112309
Received: 8 October 2019 / Revised: 28 October 2019 / Accepted: 31 October 2019 / Published: 4 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
The deterioration of rock geomechanical behaviors subjected to freeze–thaw (F–T) action is a determining factor for rock engineering and rock structures in cold regions. In this work, taking six groups of granite obtained from an open pit mine as the research object, F–T cycle treatment, in-situ AE (acoustic emission) monitoring and ultrasonic detection techniques were performed to experimentally reveal the effects of F–T fatigue damage on the mechanical and acoustic properties of granite. The results indicate that the F–T action impacts the rock’s mesoscopic structure, deformation, strength, P and S-wave velocities, AE pattern and energy release. The accumulated AE counts and accumulated AE energy show a decreasing trend as the F–T cycle increases. The frequency spectrum revealed that the width of the low frequency band decreases and the high frequency band increases with increasing F–T cycles, indicating that there is an increase in large-scale cracks for a sample with high F–T treatment. In addition, energy balance analysis further illustrates the energy dissipation and release mechanism. The energy proportion used to drive the crack propagation is relatively small with high F–T treatment, and the final released energy becomes the minimum. The energy evolution characteristics analyzed by the energy balance approach is in good agreement with AE results. It is suggested that the F–T fatigue damage influences the rock energy storage and release characteristics and the instability of rock in the cold regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: freeze thaw; uniaxial compression; acoustic emission (AE); ultrasonic measurement; energy conversion freeze thaw; uniaxial compression; acoustic emission (AE); ultrasonic measurement; energy conversion
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Wang, Y.; Feng, W.; Wang, H.; Han, J.; Li, C. Geomechanical and Acoustic Properties of Intact Granite Subjected to Freeze–Thaw Cycles during Water-Ice Phase Transformation in Beizhan’s Open Pit Mine Slope, Xinjiang, China. Water 2019, 11, 2309.

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