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Open AccessArticle

Dilemmas in and Pathways to Transboundary Water Cooperation between China and India on the Yaluzangbu-Brahmaputra River

1
Institute of International River and Eco-security/Asian International Rivers Center, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
2
Yunnan Key Lab of International Rivers and Transboundary Eco-security, Kunming 650091, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2096; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102096
Received: 9 September 2019 / Revised: 4 October 2019 / Accepted: 7 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
The Yaluzangbu-Brahmaputra River is a hotspot for the discussions on regional security. The interactions on water between China and India are key to realizing water-related 2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) targets in the basin. Using a series of secondary literature information, and the method of event studies, we created a timeline of the Sino-Indian relation events since the 1950s, analyzed the correlations among the contents, the duties by each side, the events of water cooperation, and the diplomatic events between them. We found the following dilemmas hamper water cooperation: (1) The scopes of, and steps towards, transboundary water cooperation are hampered by patchy Sino-Indian diplomatic relations; and (2) there is a lack of motivation for China to cooperate with India without benefits sharing, given that China has undertaken more duties and has often received negative feedback. However, we also found the following pathways toward improving water cooperation: (1) A national cooperation mechanism on transboundary rivers has been established, which may be beneficial for further water cooperation; and (2) a channel for interdisciplinary dialogue should be encouraged to bridge the disparate outlooks and improve interactions between policymakers and scientific experts. View Full-Text
Keywords: transboundary water cooperation; diplomatic relations; China; India; the Yaluzangbu-Brahmaputra River transboundary water cooperation; diplomatic relations; China; India; the Yaluzangbu-Brahmaputra River
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MDPI and ACS Style

Feng, Y.; Wang, W.; Liu, J. Dilemmas in and Pathways to Transboundary Water Cooperation between China and India on the Yaluzangbu-Brahmaputra River. Water 2019, 11, 2096.

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