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Open AccessArticle

Changes of Annual Precipitation and Probability Distributions for Different Climate Types of the World

1
Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667, India
2
Adjunct Faculty, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2092; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102092
Received: 6 July 2019 / Revised: 11 August 2019 / Accepted: 16 August 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Water Accounting)
Analysis of Spatio-temporal changes in precipitation (Pre) on the land surface of the earth was the focus of this study. Thiel-Sen median slopes and Modified Mann-Kendall (MMK) test were utilized to draw inferences. Majority of the regions were identified to show an increasing trend of annual precipitation except some of the low to mid-latitude regions in Northern hemisphere. The trends of wet-day frequency (Wet) were found in agreement with precipitation for most of the regions, but the inverse relationship was found for the subtropical regions of Northern hemisphere. These changes were examined for the world climate types based on Koppen-Gieger climate classes. Also, it was tried to find the probability distribution, which best describes the annual precipitation pattern in different climate types of the world among 21 commonly assumed probability distributions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Modified Mann-Kendall; Sen slope; precipitation; global; Koppen-Gieger; probability distribution Modified Mann-Kendall; Sen slope; precipitation; global; Koppen-Gieger; probability distribution
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Sharma, C.; Ojha, C.S.P. Changes of Annual Precipitation and Probability Distributions for Different Climate Types of the World. Water 2019, 11, 2092.

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