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Open AccessArticle

Potential of Documentary Evidence to Study Fatalities of Hydrological and Meteorological Events in the Czech Republic

1
Institute of Geography, Masaryk University, 611 37 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Global Change Research Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, 616 67 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(10), 2014; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102014
Received: 27 August 2019 / Revised: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 23 September 2019 / Published: 27 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Damaging Hydrogeological Events)
This paper presents the potential of documentary evidence for enhancing the study of fatalities taking place in the course of hydrological and meteorological events (HMEs). Chronicles, “books of memory”, weather diaries, newspapers (media), parliamentary proposals, epigraphic evidence, systematic meteorological/hydrological observations, and professional papers provide a broad base for gathering such information in the Czech Republic, especially since 1901. The spatiotemporal variability of 269 fatalities in the Czech Republic arising out of 103 HMEs (flood, flash flood, windstorm, convective storm, lightning, frost, snow/glaze-ice calamity, heat, and other events) in the 1981–2018 period is presented, with particular attention to closer characterisation of fatalities (gender, age, cause of death, place, type of death, and behaviour). Examples of three outstanding events with the highest numbers of fatalities (severe frosts in the extremely cold winter of 1928/1929, a flash flood on 9 June 1970, and a rain flood in July 1997) are described in detail. Discussion of results includes the problem of data uncertainty, factors influencing the numbers of fatalities, and the broader context. Since floods are responsible for the highest proportion of HME-related deaths, places with fatalities are located mainly around rivers and drowning appears as the main cause of death. In the further classification of fatalities, males and adults clearly prevail, while indirect victims and hazardous behaviour are strongly represented. View Full-Text
Keywords: fatality; fatality features; documentary data; hydrological and meteorological event; Czech Republic fatality; fatality features; documentary data; hydrological and meteorological event; Czech Republic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brázdil, R.; Chromá, K.; Řehoř, J.; Zahradníček, P.; Dolák, L.; Řezníčková, L.; Dobrovolný, P. Potential of Documentary Evidence to Study Fatalities of Hydrological and Meteorological Events in the Czech Republic. Water 2019, 11, 2014. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102014

AMA Style

Brázdil R, Chromá K, Řehoř J, Zahradníček P, Dolák L, Řezníčková L, Dobrovolný P. Potential of Documentary Evidence to Study Fatalities of Hydrological and Meteorological Events in the Czech Republic. Water. 2019; 11(10):2014. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102014

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brázdil, Rudolf; Chromá, Kateřina; Řehoř, Jan; Zahradníček, Pavel; Dolák, Lukáš; Řezníčková, Ladislava; Dobrovolný, Petr. 2019. "Potential of Documentary Evidence to Study Fatalities of Hydrological and Meteorological Events in the Czech Republic" Water 11, no. 10: 2014. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102014

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