Next Article in Journal
Effect of Mimic Vegetation with Different Stiffness on Regular Wave Propagation and Turbulence
Next Article in Special Issue
Demand for Stream Mitigation in Colorado, USA
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing Managed Aquifer Recharge Processes under Three Physical Model Concepts
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Integrated Multicriteria Analysis Tool for Evaluating Water Resource Management Strategies
Open AccessArticle

Interpreting Farmers’ Perceptions of Risks and Benefits Concerning Wastewater Reuse for Irrigation: A Case Study in Emilia-Romagna (Italy)

1
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences (DISTAL), University of Bologna, 40127 Bologna, Italy
2
Department of Statistical Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(1), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11010108
Received: 12 November 2018 / Revised: 23 December 2018 / Accepted: 2 January 2019 / Published: 9 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Water Policy Collection)
Water recycling is becoming progressively more important as the need for Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) is increasing to ensure a transition towards a more sustainable use for water. Perceptions and public acceptance of water reuse are recognised as paramount factors for the successful introduction of wastewater reuse projects, regardless of the strength of scientific evidence in their favour. This article analyses perceptions of risks and benefits of using treated wastewater for irrigation purposes in agriculture when dealing with different crops. Data from an original farmer survey are analysed through descriptive statistics and a classification tree approach. The study reveals limited knowledge of wastewater treatment, yet a good level of openness towards the reuse of wastewater for irrigation. A lower risk perception and a higher acceptance level are mainly explained by positive expectations with regard to the environmental characteristics of effluent water, higher education, and specific cropping choices. Enhancing information availability is also found to positively affect social acceptance. The ease of converting current water-management practices to the new water source explains the perceived benefits of reusing water. View Full-Text
Keywords: water innovation; wastewater; reusing and recycling; risk perception; social acceptance; classification tree water innovation; wastewater; reusing and recycling; risk perception; social acceptance; classification tree
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Michetti, M.; Raggi, M.; Guerra, E.; Viaggi, D. Interpreting Farmers’ Perceptions of Risks and Benefits Concerning Wastewater Reuse for Irrigation: A Case Study in Emilia-Romagna (Italy). Water 2019, 11, 108.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map

1
Back to TopTop