Calculation of Comprehensive Ecological Flow with Weighted Multiple Methods Considering Hydrological Alteration
AbstractInstream ecological flow is an essential determinant of river health. Intra- and interannual distribution characteristics of runoff have been altered to different degrees by dam construction. Historical runoff series with alterations, as basic data for ecological flow calculation, provide minimal instream hydrological process information, which affects the credibility of calculation results. Considering the influence of the alterations in runoff series on ecological flow calculation, the Gini coefficient (GI) is introduced to study the evenness degrees of the intra-annual runoff distribution of four hydrological stations located in the Naolihe basin of the Sanjiang Plain. The hydrological alteration diagnosis system is used to examine the alteration points in the GI series of each hydrological station for selecting reasonable subsequences. Based on the selected subsequences, the ecological flow of each station is calculated using three hydrological methods, and the comprehensive ecological flow is calculated using weighted calculation results from the three hydrological methods. The study results show that ecological flow and natural flow have similar processes with two peaks occurring in the process in May and August, respectively. Also, dams decrease the ecological water requirement damage frequency in dry seasons, but overuse of water resources increases the ecological water requirement damage frequency in flood seasons. View Full-Text
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Xing, Z.; Wang, Y.; Gong, X.; Wu, J.; Ji, Y.; Fu, Q. Calculation of Comprehensive Ecological Flow with Weighted Multiple Methods Considering Hydrological Alteration. Water 2018, 10, 1212.
Xing Z, Wang Y, Gong X, Wu J, Ji Y, Fu Q. Calculation of Comprehensive Ecological Flow with Weighted Multiple Methods Considering Hydrological Alteration. Water. 2018; 10(9):1212.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xing, Zhenxiang; Wang, Yinan; Gong, Xinglong; Wu, Jingyan; Ji, Yi; Fu, Qiang. 2018. "Calculation of Comprehensive Ecological Flow with Weighted Multiple Methods Considering Hydrological Alteration." Water 10, no. 9: 1212.
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