Multivariate and Spatial Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters in an Irrigation District, Chihuahua, Mexico
AbstractWater quality is relevant due to the complexity of the interaction of physicochemical and biological parameters. The Irrigation District 005 (ID005) is one of the most important agricultural region in Chihuahua, México; for that reason, it was proposed to investigate the water quality of the site. Water samples were collected in two periods: Summer (S1) and Fall (S2). The samples were taken from 65 wells in S1, and 54 wells in S2. Physicochemical parameters (PhP) such as Arsenic (As), Temperature, Electrical Conductivity (EC), Oxide Reduction Potential (ORP), Hardness, pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), and Turbidity were analyzed. The data were subjected to statistical principal component analysis (PCA), cluster analysis (CA) and spatial variability tests. In both seasons, the TDS exceeded the Mexican maximum permissible level (MPL) (35% S1, 39% S2). Turbidity exceeded the MPL in S1 (29%) and in S2 (12%). Arsenic was above the MPL for water of agricultural use in 9% (S1) and 13% (S2) of the wells. The PCA results suggested that most variations in water quality in S1 were due to As, pH and Temperature, followed by EC, TDS and Hardness; while in S2 to EC, TDS and Hardness, followed by As and pH. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Prieto-Amparán, J.A.; Rocha-Gutiérrez, B.A.; Ballinas-Casarrubias, M.L.; Valles-Aragón, M.C.; Peralta-Pérez, M.R.; Pinedo-Alvarez, A. Multivariate and Spatial Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters in an Irrigation District, Chihuahua, Mexico. Water 2018, 10, 1037.
Prieto-Amparán JA, Rocha-Gutiérrez BA, Ballinas-Casarrubias ML, Valles-Aragón MC, Peralta-Pérez MR, Pinedo-Alvarez A. Multivariate and Spatial Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters in an Irrigation District, Chihuahua, Mexico. Water. 2018; 10(8):1037.Chicago/Turabian Style
Prieto-Amparán, Jesús A.; Rocha-Gutiérrez, Beatriz A.; Ballinas-Casarrubias, María L.; Valles-Aragón, María C.; Peralta-Pérez, María R.; Pinedo-Alvarez, Alfredo. 2018. "Multivariate and Spatial Analysis of Physicochemical Parameters in an Irrigation District, Chihuahua, Mexico." Water 10, no. 8: 1037.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.