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Water 2018, 10(7), 907; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070907

The Suitability of Snow and Meteorological Conditions of South-Central Slovakia for Ski Slope Operation at Low Elevation—A Case Study of the Košútka Ski Centre

1
Department of Natural Environment, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
2
Department of Biology and General Ecology, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
3
Department of Fire Protection, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
4
Department of Applied Ecology, Technical University in Zvolen, 960 53 Zvolen, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 February 2018 / Revised: 2 July 2018 / Accepted: 5 July 2018 / Published: 9 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
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Abstract

In this study, the snow conditions of South-Central Slovakia (Inner Western Carpathians; temperate zone) were analyzed to assess the suitability for ski slope operations without snow production under 1000 m a.s.l. For the study site of the Košútka Ski Centre, meteorological conditions for snowmaking, snowpack characteristics, and snow water equivalent (SWE) compared with seasonal precipitation were identified. To identify the months suitable for snowmaking, the number of potential snowmaking days (PSD) and the required number of snowmaking days (RNSD) were calculated for six winter seasons from 2010–2011 to 2015–2016. The results showed that the conditions of natural snow cover were not appropriate for ski slope operation because of a low natural snow depth. For the Košútka Ski Centre, it was concluded that the essential base layer snowmaking for ski slope operation is possible only for a few days in the winter season because of the increasing mean value of the mean average daily temperature and the consequently higher occurrence of liquid precipitation in the winter season. Essential high snow production results in the heterogeneous distribution of snow on the ski slope, and in high snow depth, density, and SWE of the ski slope snowpack, and in prolonged melting. View Full-Text
Keywords: precipitation; snow water equivalent; snowpack; snowmaking; ski resort; snow depth precipitation; snow water equivalent; snowpack; snowmaking; ski resort; snow depth
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Mikloš, M.; Jančo, M.; Korísteková, K.; Škvareninová, J.; Škvarenina, J. The Suitability of Snow and Meteorological Conditions of South-Central Slovakia for Ski Slope Operation at Low Elevation—A Case Study of the Košútka Ski Centre. Water 2018, 10, 907.

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