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Water 2018, 10(7), 893; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070893

Impacts of Climate Change on Flood-Prone Areas in Davao Oriental, Philippines

1
Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, 1-5-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8529, Hiroshima, Japan
2
Institute of Computing and Engineering, Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology, Guang-guang, Dahican, Mati City 8200, Davao Oriental, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 May 2018 / Revised: 19 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 4 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
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Abstract

This study aims to quantitatively assess the impacts of climate change on the flood-prone risk areas in Davao Oriental, Philippines for the years 2030, 2050, and 2100 in comparison with the present situation by identifying flood risk zones based on multisource data, including rainfall, slope, elevation, drainage density, soil type, distance to the main channel, and population density. The future temperatures and rainfall projections from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) predictions of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were used. The future temperatures from the CMIP5 predictions showed that Davao Oriental should experience approximately 1 °C and 3 °C increases under the Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP)4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, respectively, while the rainfall should slightly increase in the coming years. Among the 39 general circulation models (GCMs) available from CMIP5, the GFDL-ESM2M model showed good agreement with the observed rainfall dataset at the local stations. The intensity of rainfall should increase approximately 69% in the future, resulting in an increase in the magnitude of the floods. The resulting flood risk map shows that 95.91% of Davao Oriental is presently under the low and moderate flood risk categories, and those categories should slightly decrease to 95.75% in the future. The high and very high flood risk areas cover approximately 3% of the province at present and show no dramatic change in the future. Presently, 28 out of the 183 barangays (towns) are at high and very high risks of floods, whereas in the coming years, only one barangay will be added to the very high risk of floods. These barangays under the high and very high categories of flood risk are primarily situated on riversides and coastal areas. Thus, immediate actions from decision-makers are needed to develop a community-based disaster risk plan under the future conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood risk; climate change; CMIP5; analytic hierarchy process; Davao Oriental; multicriteria decision analysis flood risk; climate change; CMIP5; analytic hierarchy process; Davao Oriental; multicriteria decision analysis
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Cabrera, J.S.; Lee, H.S. Impacts of Climate Change on Flood-Prone Areas in Davao Oriental, Philippines. Water 2018, 10, 893.

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