The 1987–1989 Phytoplankton Bloom in Kaneohe Bay
AbstractA remarkable bloom of phytoplankton occurred in the southeast sector (SE) of Kaneohe Bay from 1987 through 1989. During the bloom, concentrations of chlorophyll a at the former site of the Kaneohe municipal wastewater treatment plant outfall averaged a little more than 2 mg m–3 for a period of 40 months. The increase of chl a was accompanied by a roughly twofold increase in the percentage of chl a accounted for by cells retained on a 35-micron filter, a drawdown of silicate concentrations from roughly 10 μM to 3–4 μM, an increase of nitrate concentrations from roughly 0.5 to more than 3 μM, and an increase of phosphate concentrations from roughly 0.2 to 0.5 μM. Extraordinarily heavy rains on 31 December 1987 led to flooding and land runoff that briefly raised chl a concentrations in the bay to as high as 17 mg m–3, but the bloom in question developed more than one year before the 1987 New Year’s Eve flood. It was not caused by unusually heavy rainfall: the average rainfall during 1987–1989 was only 10% above the long-term average. Instead, the bloom appears to have been caused by a leak in the sanitary sewer line that was previously used to discharge secondary treated sewage into Kaneohe Bay. Ultimately, leaks in the sanitary sewer lines maintained by the City and County of Honolulu led to legal action and a consent decree that required upgrading and the renovation of the wastewater collection system. View Full-Text
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Laws, E.; Taguchi, S. The 1987–1989 Phytoplankton Bloom in Kaneohe Bay. Water 2018, 10, 747.
Laws E, Taguchi S. The 1987–1989 Phytoplankton Bloom in Kaneohe Bay. Water. 2018; 10(6):747.Chicago/Turabian Style
Laws, Edward; Taguchi, Satoru. 2018. "The 1987–1989 Phytoplankton Bloom in Kaneohe Bay." Water 10, no. 6: 747.
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