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Dynamics of Bacterial Community Diversity and Structure in the Terminal Reservoir of the South-To-North Water Diversion Project in China

1
Beijing Key Laboratory of Fishery Biotechnology, Beijing Fisheries Research Institute, Beijing 100068, China
2
Key Laboratory of Hydrobiology of Liaoning Province, Dalian Ocean University, Dalian 116023, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(6), 709; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060709
Received: 27 April 2018 / Revised: 17 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 31 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Ecosystems)
The South-to-North Water Diversion Project (SNWDP) is the largest water transfer project in the world, and its purpose is to relax water constraints in a region facing severe water scarcity. Bacterial communities from these reservoirs are important to human health, and analyzing their diversity and structure is crucial to water safety. Here, we investigated the dynamics of bacterial communities and their relationship with environmental parameters in the terminal reservoir (Miyun Reservoir) of the Middle Route of the SNWDP by high-throughput sequencing technology. Our results showed that Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Cyanobacteria and Bacterioidetes were the most abundant phyla in the water column, and the community composition fluctuated seasonally. Moreover, the detected diversity of the bacterial community composition provided novel insights into the ongoing biogeochemical processes. The temperature was positively correlated with the dominant bacteria, with other factors, including the total dissolved solids, total phosphorus, dissolved oxygen and total nitrogen, shaping the structure and distribution of the microbial community. Furthermore, the metagenome showed broad phylogenetic diversity, indicating that organisms were involved in multiple essential environmental processes. This work is important for building a database to understand how microbial communities change after water transfers. View Full-Text
Keywords: bacterial community; diversity and structure; terminal reservoir; South-to-North Water Diversion bacterial community; diversity and structure; terminal reservoir; South-to-North Water Diversion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qu, J.; Jia, C.; Liu, Q.; Li, Z.; Liu, P.; Yang, M.; Zhao, M.; Li, W.; Zhu, H.; Zhang, Q. Dynamics of Bacterial Community Diversity and Structure in the Terminal Reservoir of the South-To-North Water Diversion Project in China. Water 2018, 10, 709.

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