Next Article in Journal
Opportunities and Limits of Using Meteorological Reanalysis Data for Simulating Seasonal to Sub-Daily Water Temperature Dynamics in a Large Shallow Lake
Previous Article in Journal
An Overview of Hydropower Reservoirs in Brazil: Current Situation, Future Perspectives and Impacts of Climate Change
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2018, 10(5), 593;

Brooks–Corey Modeling by One-Dimensional Vertical Infiltration Method

College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
Key Laboratory for Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid Area of Ministry of Education, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 April 2018 / Revised: 29 April 2018 / Accepted: 1 May 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1848 KB, uploaded 24 May 2018]   |  


The laboratory methods used for the soil water retention curve (SWRC) construction and parameter estimation is time-consuming. A vertical infiltration method was proposed to estimate parameters α and n and to further construct the SWRC. In the present study, the relationships describing the cumulative infiltration and infiltration rate with the depth of the wetting front were established, and simplified expressions for estimating α and n parameters were proposed. The one-dimensional vertical infiltration experiments of four soils were conducted to verify if the proposed method would accurately estimate α and n. The fitted values of α and n, obtained from the RETC software, were consistent with the calculated values obtained from the infiltration method. The comparison between the measured SWRCs obtained from the centrifuge method and the calculated SWRCs that were based on the infiltration method displayed small values of root mean square error (RMSE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), and mean absolute error. SWMS_2D-based simulations of cumulative infiltration, based on the calculated α and n, remained consistent with the measured values due to small RMSE and MAPE values. The experiments verified the proposed one-dimensional vertical infiltration method, which has applications in field hydraulic parameter estimation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brooks–Corey model; parameter estimation; water infiltration; SWMS_2D Brooks–Corey model; parameter estimation; water infiltration; SWMS_2D

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Xing, X.; Wang, H.; Ma, X. Brooks–Corey Modeling by One-Dimensional Vertical Infiltration Method. Water 2018, 10, 593.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top