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Open AccessArticle

Rebuild by Design in Hoboken: A Design Competition as a Means for Achieving Flood Resilience of Urban Areas through the Implementation of Green Infrastructure

1
School of Energy, Geoscience, Infrastructure and Environment, Institute for Infrastructure and Environment, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
2
Knowledge Centre Engineering and Society, HAN University of Applied Sciences, 6826 CC Arnhem, The Netherlands
3
Applied Research Centre Delta Areas and Resources, VHL University of Applied Sciences, #26a Larensteinselaan, 6882 CT Velp, The Netherlands
4
Royal HaskoningDHV, #47 Contactweg, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
5
Water Science & Engineering Department, IHE Delft Institute for Water Education, #7 Westvest, 2611 AX Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(5), 553; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10050553
Received: 14 January 2018 / Revised: 22 February 2018 / Accepted: 19 April 2018 / Published: 25 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sponge Cities: Emerging Approaches, Challenges and Opportunities)
The Rebuild by Design (RBD) competition was launched after the devastating impact of Hurricane Sandy, and the winning designs have put a significant emphasis on green infrastructure (GI) as a means of achieving flood resilience in urban areas. Previous research in the field of urban stormwater management indicates that wide-spread implementation of GI remains a challenge, largely due to a lack of understanding of the required governance approaches. Therefore, by using a case study of Hoboken, for which the winning design was developed, this paper explores whether RBD provides governance structures and processes needed for the uptake of GI. Semi-structured interviews and desk study provided the data for an analysis of the presence of factors for supporting the transformative governance needed to facilitate the uptake of innovative solutions. Results indicate that RBD brought a greater change in terms of governance processes when compared to governance structures. In Hoboken, RBD created a narrative for long-term change, put GI as a preferred solution for tackling multiple challenges, and strengthened the local political buy-in. However, pitfalls were observed, such as limited funding provision, lack of regulatory compliance, economic justification and large investments required from public and private parties. The absence of these factors can hinder the overall uptake of the GI solution. Even though the design competition presents a novel approach to the field of resilience development, further steps should be made in understanding how the RBD methodology can be adjusted to provide results of equal quality in different settings (e.g., less developed regions, different governance contexts). View Full-Text
Keywords: urban resilience; flooding; governance; green infrastructure; Hoboken; Rebuild by Design urban resilience; flooding; governance; green infrastructure; Hoboken; Rebuild by Design
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Šakić Trogrlić, R.; Rijke, J.; Dolman, N.; Zevenbergen, C. Rebuild by Design in Hoboken: A Design Competition as a Means for Achieving Flood Resilience of Urban Areas through the Implementation of Green Infrastructure. Water 2018, 10, 553.

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