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Water 2018, 10(2), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10020135

Sustainable Ice-Jam Flood Management for Socio-Economic and Socio-Ecological Systems

1
Global Institute for Water Security, University of Saskatchewan, 11 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, SK S7N 3H5, Canada
2
School of Environment and Sustainability, University of Saskatchewan, 117 Science Place Saskatoon, SK S7N 5C8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 November 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 25 January 2018 / Published: 31 January 2018
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Abstract

Ice jams are critical components of the hydraulic regimes of rivers in cold regions. In addition to contributing to the maintenance of wetland ecology, including aquatic animals and waterfowl, ice jams provide essential moisture and nutrient replenishment to perched lakes and ponds in northern inland deltas. However, river ice-jam flooding can have detrimental impacts on in-stream aquatic ecosystems, cause damage to property and infrastructure, and present hazards to riverside communities. In order to maintain sustainable communities and ecosystems, ice-jam flooding must be both mitigated and promoted. This study reviews various flood management strategies used worldwide, and points to the knowledge gaps in these strategies. The main objective of the paper is to provide a framework for a sustainable ice-jam flood management strategy in order to better protect riverine socio-economic and socio-ecological systems. Sustainable flood management must be a carefully adopted and integrated strategy that includes both economic and ecological perspectives in order to mitigate ice-jam flooding in riverside socio-economic systems, while at the same time promoting ice-jam flooding of riverine socio-ecological systems such as inland deltas. View Full-Text
Keywords: ice jam flooding; sustainable flood management; socio-economic system; socio-ecological system ice jam flooding; sustainable flood management; socio-economic system; socio-ecological system
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Das, A.; Reed, M.; Lindenschmidt, K.-E. Sustainable Ice-Jam Flood Management for Socio-Economic and Socio-Ecological Systems. Water 2018, 10, 135.

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