Next Article in Journal
Hydrologic Regime Changes in a High-Latitude Glacierized Watershed under Future Climate Conditions
Previous Article in Journal
Multiple Climate Change Scenarios and Runoff Response in Biliu River
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2018, 10(2), 127;

Consumption of Free Chlorine in an Aqueduct Scheme with Low Protection: Case Study of the New Aqueduct Simbrivio-Castelli (NASC), Italy

Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, Insubria University of Varese, via G.B. Vico, 46, I-21100 Varese, Italy
Laboratory of Chemical and Environmental Technology, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU)—FRAM High North Research Centre on Climate and the Environment, Hjalmar Johansens gt. 14 NO, 9296 Tromso, Norway
Department of Engineering and Environmental Physics, University of Basilicata, via dell’Ateneo Lucano, 10, I-85100 Potenza, Italy
Department of Environmental Economics, Ural Federal University, Mira Str., 19, Ekaterinburg 620002, Russia
Department of Civil, Environmental and Mechanical Engineering, University of Trento, via Mesiano, 77, I-38123 Trento, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 November 2017 / Revised: 10 January 2018 / Accepted: 26 January 2018 / Published: 30 January 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [1632 KB, uploaded 30 January 2018]   |  


The safety of high quality drinking water supply relies on the quantities to be delivered, on the complexity of the water supply systems, and on the widespread phenomena of the contamination of water bodies. These parameters indicate the need for the development of an application that will allow the quick acquisition of data on strategic management. This is requires both the analysis of factors related to the hydraulic operation of the plants and the characteristics of water quality. The present paper aims to evaluate the use of models that predict data for water quality in a distribution system. The assessment is made in order to consider the use of the model as a support tool for the management system of a supply network and to optimize the quality of the provided service. The improvement of the control system related to the operations of disinfection, in particular, in the case of long pipelines, is absolutely mandatory in order to ensure the safety of public health and respect for the environment at high levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: free chlorine; water supply; distribution systems; model prediction free chlorine; water supply; distribution systems; model prediction

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Torretta, V.; Tolkou, A.K.; Katsoyiannis, I.A.; Katsoyiannis, A.; Trulli, E.; Magaril, E.; Rada, E.C. Consumption of Free Chlorine in an Aqueduct Scheme with Low Protection: Case Study of the New Aqueduct Simbrivio-Castelli (NASC), Italy. Water 2018, 10, 127.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top