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Open AccessArticle

Using DPSIR and Balances to Support Water Governance

Laboratory of Environmental Toxicology and Aquatic Ecology, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Water 2018, 10(2), 118;
Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 / Published: 29 January 2018
The DPSIR framework has proven to be an effective communication tool, but has become subject to criticism upon increasing practical application. It is assumed that this is the consequence of the combination of terminological unclarity, absence of a methodological description for analyzing disturbances, and a confined conceptual basis when dealing with complex environmental issues. DPSIR has been embedded within the broader conceptual Pentatope Model (PTM), by making use of an ‘interface’ called GASI. GASI, which means Governance by Actor–Subject Impact Assessment, deals explicitly with governance as a framework and impact analysis as a process. The result is an extended version of DPSIR. Illustrated by means of a water balance, the importance of a combined PTM–GASI–DPSIR tool for impact assessments to support evidence-based governance is shown. View Full-Text
Keywords: disturbances; impacts; DPSIR; GASI; Pentatope Model; water balances disturbances; impacts; DPSIR; GASI; Pentatope Model; water balances
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Vannevel, R. Using DPSIR and Balances to Support Water Governance. Water 2018, 10, 118.

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