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A Serious Game Designed to Explore and Understand the Complexities of Flood Mitigation Options in Urban–Rural Catchments

Centre for Water Systems, University of Exeter, North Park Road, Exeter EX4 4QF, UK
KWR Watercycle Research Institute, 3433 PE Nieuwegein, The Netherlands
Department of Geography, University of Sheffield, Winter Street, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK
Westcountry Rivers Trust Head Office, Rain-Charm House, Kyl Cober Parc, Stoke Climsland, Callington, Cornwall PL17 8PH, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(12), 1885;
Received: 13 September 2018 / Revised: 7 December 2018 / Accepted: 11 December 2018 / Published: 19 December 2018
Flood prevention in mixed urban–rural environments has become a greater concern due to climate change. It is a complex task requiring both efficient management of resources and the involvement of multiple stakeholders from diverse backgrounds. As Serious Games (games used for purposes other than mere entertainment) have emerged as an effective means of engaging stakeholders, this work proposes a new Serious Game applied to flood mitigation in the village of Millbrook in the UK. Results show that the game has both an informative and a transformative effect (statistical significance levels from 0.01 to 0.05), improving participants’ understanding of the problem, and helping them to find a new and improved approach to flood risk management in Millbrook, with the potential to improve resilience significantly. Furthermore, the game successfully transformed participants into “citizen scientists” in the purest sense of the term—it led them to use inductive reasoning from data produced by the game to correctly confirm or reject hypotheses and resulted in more than 70% of the participants revising their initial assumptions. Interestingly, the game instigated the formation of new local partnerships and helped to prioritize the discussion of natural flood management measures in Millbrook Parish Council meetings. View Full-Text
Keywords: serious gaming; flood; urban; rural; infrastructure; decision making serious gaming; flood; urban; rural; infrastructure; decision making
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Khoury, M.; Gibson, M.J.; Savic, D.; Chen, A.S.; Vamvakeridou-Lyroudia, L.; Langford, H.; Wigley, S. A Serious Game Designed to Explore and Understand the Complexities of Flood Mitigation Options in Urban–Rural Catchments. Water 2018, 10, 1885.

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