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Water 2018, 10(12), 1794; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10121794

Barriers and Drivers of Household Water-Conservation Behavior: A Profiling Approach

Riverine Landscapes Research Laboratory, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, Australia
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Received: 28 August 2018 / Revised: 29 November 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 / Published: 6 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Use and Scarcity)
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Abstract

Factors that influence behavioral response (barriers and drivers) are important for household water-conservation practices. These factors either support or inhibit sustainable behavior. In this research, a latent profile analysis (LPA) was used within the capability-, opportunity-, and motivation-behavior (COM-B) framework to identify key barriers and drivers of household water-conservation behaviors. Participants (N = 510, mean age = 56.08 years, SD = 14.71) completed measures of psycho-social constructs related to barriers and drivers of water-conservation behavior. An LPA yielded a 3-profile statistical solution: capability (35.8%), opportunity (23.2%), and motivation (41.0%) conceptualizing levels of barriers and drivers of water-conservation behavior. Major identified barriers and drivers associated with these profile groupings were time constraints, acuity of water-efficient devices, lack of skills to adopt conservation practices, and availability of incentives/disincentives for water-saving devices. Validation analyses showed that the three COM-B groups diverged considerably based on socio-demographic status and actual water-conservation behavior. Results are pertinent to water authorities in identifying interventions to reduce barriers and promote drivers of positive household water-conservation behaviors by altering and directing appropriate COM-B dimensions to individual water consumers. View Full-Text
Keywords: water conservation; household water use; latent profile analysis; behavioral change strategies water conservation; household water use; latent profile analysis; behavioral change strategies
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Addo, I.B.; Thoms, M.C.; Parsons, M. Barriers and Drivers of Household Water-Conservation Behavior: A Profiling Approach. Water 2018, 10, 1794.

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