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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation and Hydrological Validation of GPM Precipitation Products over the Nanliu River Basin, Beibu Gulf

1,2, 1,2,3,*, 1,3,4,*, 1,2 and 1,2,3
Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Resources Use in Beibu Gulf, Ministry of Education, Guangxi Teachers Education University, Nanning 530001, China
Guangxi Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Intelligent Simulation, Guangxi Teachers Education University, Nanning 530001, China
School of Geography and Planning, Guangxi Teachers Education University, Nanning 530001, China
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane 4067, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(12), 1777;
Received: 17 November 2018 / Revised: 30 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Remote Sensing and GIS in Hydrology)
PDF [6245 KB, uploaded 6 December 2018]


Adequate and high-quality precipitation estimates, from spaceborne precipitation radars, are necessary for a variety of applications in hydrology. In this study, we investigated the performance of two Integrated Multi-satellitE Retrievals for the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission (IMERG) products, against gauge observations over a small river basin, the Beibu Gulf—the Nanliu River basin, and evaluated their capability of streamflow simulation, based on a conceptual watershed model from April 2014 to December 2016. The results showed that both IMERG_Cal and IMERG_Uncal could roughly capture the spatial patterns of precipitation with slight over/underestimation (Relative Bias (RB) values of 6.5% and −5.5%, respectively) at a basin scale. At grid-cell scales, two IMERG products got an RB of −23.3% to 18.9%, Correlation Coefficient (CC) of 0.521 to 0.744, and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) of 11.3 to 17.5 mm. There were some considerable errors in heavy precipitation events, and the IMERG significantly overestimated the amounts of these extreme events. The two IMERG products showed a higher accuracy and lower error rate, when detecting the light precipitation. IMERG-driven simulation had a better quality when the model was calibrated with satellite data rather than with rain gauge data. This analysis implied that IMERG products have potential in hydrological applications, in this region, and need further improvement in algorithms. View Full-Text
Keywords: evaluation of GPM; hydrological modeling; Beibu Gulf evaluation of GPM; hydrological modeling; Beibu Gulf

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Tong, K.; Zhao, Y.; Wei, Y.; Hu, B.; Lu, Y. Evaluation and Hydrological Validation of GPM Precipitation Products over the Nanliu River Basin, Beibu Gulf. Water 2018, 10, 1777.

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