Evaluating the Road-Bioretention Strip System from a Hydraulic Perspective—Case Studies
AbstractThe two-dimensional overland flow simulation program, FullSWOF_2D, was revised to include submodules of determining infiltration by zones (Z) and grate-inlet (G) drainage from a 2D surface to a 1D pipe flow. The updated program, FullSWOF-ZG, was used to evaluate the performance of a road-bioretention strip (RBS) system and explore/understand key parameters of continuous RBS design. The program was validated using eight pervious surfaces under simulated rainfall events and tested with 20 experimental cases of a locally depressed curb inlet. The mean difference of simulated interception efficiencies (36.6%–86.0%) and observed interception efficiencies (34.8%–84.0%) of the curb inlet was 3.5%, which proves the program predicts the curb-inlet interception efficiency accurately. The 20 road-only and 20 RBS modeling cases were designed and modeled using the FullSWOF-ZG program. These case studies have different road lengths, curb inlet lengths, longitudinal slopes, cross slopes, bioretention-overflow inlet heights, and bioretention soil infiltration parameters. Only 34.6%–48.4% of the total runoff volume is intercepted by the RBS’s curb inlet under heavy rainfall (250 mm/h) and the remaining part of the runoff flows downstream along the road, which may cause local inundation and become a safety hazard. The curb inlet becomes the bottleneck of the RBS system that could impede the runoff flowing into the bioretention strip for detention and infiltration to improve the stormwater quality. View Full-Text
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Li, X.; Fang, X.; Gong, Y.; Li, J.; Wang, J.; Chen, G.; Li, M.-H. Evaluating the Road-Bioretention Strip System from a Hydraulic Perspective—Case Studies. Water 2018, 10, 1778.
Li X, Fang X, Gong Y, Li J, Wang J, Chen G, Li M-H. Evaluating the Road-Bioretention Strip System from a Hydraulic Perspective—Case Studies. Water. 2018; 10(12):1778.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Xiaoning; Fang, Xing; Gong, Yongwei; Li, Junqi; Wang, Jianlong; Chen, Gang; Li, Ming-Han. 2018. "Evaluating the Road-Bioretention Strip System from a Hydraulic Perspective—Case Studies." Water 10, no. 12: 1778.
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