An Integrated Analysis of the Eutrophication Process in the Enxoé Reservoir within the DPSIR Framework
AbstractThe Enxoé reservoir in southern Portugal has been exhibiting the highest trophic state in the country since its early years of operation. The problem has attracted water managers’ and researchers’ attention as the reservoir is the water supply for two municipalities. Extensive research was thus conducted over the last few years, including field monitoring and modelling at the plot, catchment, and reservoir scales. This study now frames all partial findings within the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework to better understand the eutrophication process in the Enxoé reservoir. Agriculture and grazing were found to have a reduced role in the eutrophication of the reservoir, with annual sediment and nutrient loads being comparably smaller or similar to those reported for other Mediterranean catchments. Flash floods were the main mechanism for transporting particle elements to the reservoir, being in some cases able to carry up three times the average annual load. However, the main eutrophication mechanisms in the reservoir were P release from deposited sediment under anoxic conditions and the process of internal recycling of organic matter and nutrients. Reducing the P load from the catchment and deposited sediment could lead to a mesotrophic state level in the reservoir. However, this level would only be sustainable by limiting the P internal load ability to reach the photic zone. View Full-Text
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Ramos, T.B.; Darouich, H.; Gonçalves, M.C.; Brito, D.; Castelo Branco, M.A.; Martins, J.C.; Fernandes, M.L.; Pires, F.P.; Morais, M.; Neves, R. An Integrated Analysis of the Eutrophication Process in the Enxoé Reservoir within the DPSIR Framework. Water 2018, 10, 1576.
Ramos TB, Darouich H, Gonçalves MC, Brito D, Castelo Branco MA, Martins JC, Fernandes ML, Pires FP, Morais M, Neves R. An Integrated Analysis of the Eutrophication Process in the Enxoé Reservoir within the DPSIR Framework. Water. 2018; 10(11):1576.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ramos, Tiago B.; Darouich, Hanaa; Gonçalves, Maria C.; Brito, David; Castelo Branco, Maria A.; Martins, José C.; Fernandes, Manuel L.; Pires, Fernando P.; Morais, Manuela; Neves, Ramiro. 2018. "An Integrated Analysis of the Eutrophication Process in the Enxoé Reservoir within the DPSIR Framework." Water 10, no. 11: 1576.
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