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Atmosphere 2018, 9(9), 339; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9090339

Dynamic Ensemble Analysis of Frontal Placement Impacts in the Presence of Elevated Thunderstorms during PRECIP Events

1
Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
2
Weather Prediction Center, 5830 University Research Court, College Park, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20740, USA
3
Atmospheric Science Program, School of Natural Resources, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 May 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 26 August 2018 / Published: 29 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Precipitation: Measurement and Modeling)
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Abstract

The Program for Research on Elevated Convection with Intense Precipitation (PRECIP) field campaign sampled 10 cases of elevated convection during 2014 and 2015. These intense observing periods (IOP) mostly featured well-defined stationary or warm frontal zones, over whose inversion elevated convection would form. However, not all frontal zones translated as expected, with some poleward motions being arrested and even returning equatorward. Prior analyses of the observed data highlighted the downdrafts in these events, especially diagnostics for their behavior: the downdraft convective available potential energy (DCAPE) and the downdraft convective inhibition (DCIN). With the current study, the DCAPE and DCIN are examined for four cases: two where frontal motion proceeded poleward, as expected, and two where the frontal motions were slowed significantly or stalled altogether. Using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, a multi-model ensemble was created for each of the four cases, and the best performing members were selected for additional deterministic examination. Analyses of frontal motions and surface cold pools are explored in the context of DCAPE and DCIN. These analyses further establish the DCAPE and DCIN, not only as a means to classify elevated convection, but also to aid in explaining frontal motions in the presence of elevated convection. View Full-Text
Keywords: elevated convection; convective cold pools; heavy rain; numerical weather prediction elevated convection; convective cold pools; heavy rain; numerical weather prediction
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Kastman, J.; Market, P.; Fox, N. Dynamic Ensemble Analysis of Frontal Placement Impacts in the Presence of Elevated Thunderstorms during PRECIP Events. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 339.

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