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Atmosphere 2018, 9(3), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9030097

Stable Isotopic Characteristics and Influencing Factors in Precipitation in the Monsoon Marginal Region of Northern China

1
College of City and Environment, Northwestern University, Xi’an 710127, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi’an 710075, China
3
Open Studio for Oceanic-Continental Climate and Environment Changes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266100, China
4
Institute of Global Environmental Change, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710054, China
5
College of Geography and Environmental Science, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
6
School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Ludong University, Yantai 264025, China
7
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 January 2018 / Revised: 16 February 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 8 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Precipitation: Measurement and Modeling)
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Abstract

Based on stable hydrogen and oxygen isotope data (δ18O, δD) and meteorological observation data for complete hydrological annual precipitation from 2016 to 2017 in the monsoon marginal region of northern China (Fengxiang and Ningwu), the isotopic characteristics of precipitation and the sources of water vapor in these two regions combined were studied. The results showed that δ18O and δD values in the wet season (June through September) were higher than in the dry season (October to May of the following year) in Fengxiang and Ningwu. The intercept and slope of the meteoric water line in the two regions were somewhat low, revealing that the water vapor in the rainfall comes mainly from the tropical ocean. On a synoptic scale, significantly positive correlations among dry season precipitation, δ18O, and temperature manifested temperature effects, but in the wet season, the temperature effect was not significant. On a monthly scale, a relationship did not exist between the change in trend of the average value of monthly weighted δ18O in precipitation and the average temperature change value in the two regions. However, in the wet season, significantly negative relationships can be found between the average monthly weighted δ18O in precipitation and rainfall amount, which indicated a remarkable rainout effect. Further investigation revealed that continuous precipitation made the values of δ18O and δD more negative under the same source of water vapor (the rainout effect). Because the annual rainfall in the monsoon marginal region of Northern China is mainly made up of monsoon rainfall, the oxygen isotope index of geological and biological records, such as stalagmites and tree rings, which inherit meteoric water isotope information, can be used to reconstruct past rainfall changes in northern China. View Full-Text
Keywords: northern monsoon marginal area; precipitation; stable isotope; water vapor source northern monsoon marginal area; precipitation; stable isotope; water vapor source
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Zhao, P.; Tan, L.; Zhang, P.; Wang, S.; Cui, B.; Li, D.; Xue, G.; Cheng, X. Stable Isotopic Characteristics and Influencing Factors in Precipitation in the Monsoon Marginal Region of Northern China. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 97.

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