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Atmosphere 2018, 9(3), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9030108

Approaches to Outdoor Thermal Comfort Thresholds through Public Space Design: A Review

1
Faculty of Architecture, University of Lisbon, CIAUD—Research Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Design, Rua Sá Nogueira, Pólo Universitário do Alto da Ajuda, 1349-063 Lisbon, Portugal
2
The Anita Lawrence Chair in High Performance Architecture, School of Built Environment, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
3
Research Center Human Biometeorology, German Meteorological Service, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany
4
Chair of Environmental Meteorology, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Albert-Ludwigs-University, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 January 2018 / Revised: 7 March 2018 / Accepted: 9 March 2018 / Published: 14 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biometeorology)
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Abstract

Based on the Köppen Geiger (KG) classification system, this review article examines existing studies and projects that have endeavoured to address local outdoor thermal comfort thresholds through Public Space Design (PSD). The review is divided into two sequential stages, whereby (1) overall existing approaches to pedestrian thermal comfort thresholds are reviewed within both quantitative and qualitative spectrums; and (2) the different techniques and measures are reviewed and framed into four Measure Review Frameworks (MRFs), in which each type of PSD measure is presented alongside its respective local scale urban specificities/conditions and their resulting thermal attenuation outcomes. The result of this review article is the assessment of how current practices of PSD within three specific subcategories of the KG ‘Temperate’ group have addressed microclimatic aggravations such as elevated urban temperatures and Urban Heat Island (UHI) effects. Based upon a bottom-up approach, the interdisciplinary practice of PSD is hence approached as a means to address existing and future thermal risk factors within the urban public realm in an era of potential climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: public space design; Köppen Geiger classification; thermal comfort; microclimates; climate change public space design; Köppen Geiger classification; thermal comfort; microclimates; climate change
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Santos Nouri, A.; Costa, J.P.; Santamouris, M.; Matzarakis, A. Approaches to Outdoor Thermal Comfort Thresholds through Public Space Design: A Review. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 108.

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